2017 Program and Abstracts

Program and Abstracts

Eighth International Congress on Peer Review and Scientific Publication, September 10-12, 2017

Download Printable PDF version of this program and Preliminary Abstracts

Sunday, September 10, 2017

Common Problems in Peer Review and Scientific Publication


Drummond Rennie (United States)

Peer Review: Are We Looking at the Right Things?

Lisa A. Bero (Australia)

Moderator: Drummond Rennie


Bias Associated With Conflict of Interest and Peer Review

Moderator: Véronique Kiermer (United States)

The Prevalence of Conflict of Interest Disclosures in Biomedical Research

Quinn Grundy, Adam Dunn, Florence Bourgeois, and Lisa A. Bero (Australia, United States)

Abstract | Video | Article published in JAMA. 2018;319(4):408-409. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20738

The Influence of Industry Funding and Other Financial Conflicts of Interest on the Outcomes and Quality of Systematic Reviews

Camilla Hansen, Andreas Lundh, Kristine Rasmussen, Tove Faber Frandsen, Peter Gøtzsche, and Asbjørn Hróbjartsson (Denmark)

Abstract | Video

Analysis of Uptake and Outcome in Author-selected Single-blind vs Double-blind Peer Review at Nature Journals

Elisa De Ranieri, Barbara McGillivray, Sowmya Swaminathan, Michelle Samarasinghe, and Leah Gruen (United Kingdom, United States)

Abstract | Video | Article published in Research Integrity and Peer Review. 20183:5.

Gender and Age Bias in Peer Review in Earth and Space Science Journals

Jory Lerback and R. Brooks Hanson (United States)

Abstract | Video | Article published in Nature. 541. 455–457 (26 January 2017). doi:10.1038/541455a

Bias in Reporting and Publication of Research

Moderator: Martin Tramèr (Switzerland)

Augmenting Systematic Reviews With Information from ClinicalTrials.gov to Increase Transparency and Reduce Bias

Stacy Springs, Gaelan Adam, Thomas Trikalinos, John W. Williams Jr, Jennifer Eaton, Megan Von Isenburg, Jennifer M. Gierisch, Lisa M. Wilson, Ritu Sharma, Sydney M. Dy, Julie M. Waldfogel, Karen A. Robinson, Meera Viswanathan, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman, Elise Berliner, and Robert M. Kaplan (United States)

Abstract | Video

Bias Associated With Publication of Interim Results of Randomized Trials: A Systematic Review

Steven Woloshin, Lisa M. Schwartz, Pamela J. Bagley, Heather B. Blunt, and Brian White (United States)

Abstract | Video | Article published in JAMA. 2018;319(4):404-406. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20653

Identification and Classification of Spin in Clinical Studies Evaluating Biomarkers in Ovarian Cancer: A Systematic Review

Mona Ghannad, Maria Olsen, and Patrick M. Bossuyt (France, the Netherlands)

Abstract | Video

Spin in Published Biomedical Literature: A Systematic Review

Quinn Grundy, Kellia Chiu, and Lisa A. Bero (Australia)

Abstract | Video | Article published in PLOS Biology. September 11, 2017. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.2002173

Integrity and Misconduct

Moderator: Jigisha Patel (United Kingdom)

Summary Effect Sizes in Meta-analyses After Removal of Retracted Studies From the Pool of Primary Studies

Daniele Fanelli and David Moher (Canada, United States)

Abstract | Video

Assessing the Outcomes of Introducing a Digital Image Quality Control Review Into the Publication Process for Research Articles at Physiology Journals

Rita Scheman and Christina N. Bennett (United States)

Abstract | Video

Fact Checking of Nucleotide Sequences in Life Science Publications: The Seek & Blastn Tool

Jennifer A. Byrne and Cyril Labbé (Australia, France)

Abstract | Video | Article published in PLOS ONE. 2019;14: e0213266

Types of Research Integrity Issues Encountered by a Specialist Research Integrity Group

Magdalena Morawska and Stephanie L. Boughton (United Kingdom)

Abstract | Video

Data Sharing

Moderator: Howard Bauchner (United States)

Early Experiences With Journal Data Sharing Policies: A Survey of Published Clinical Trial Investigators

Sara Tannenbaum, Joseph S. Ross, Harlan M. Krumholz, Nihar R. Desai, Jessica D. Ritchie, Richard Lehman,
Ginger M. Gamble, Jacqueline Bachand, Sara Schroter, Trish Groves, and Cary P. Gross (United Kingdom, United States)

Abstract | Video

Sharing Data Through the Yale University Open Data Access (YODA) Project: Early Experience

Joseph S. Ross, Jessica D. Ritchie, Stephen Bamford, Jesse A. Berlin, Karla Childers, Nihar Desai, Ginger M. Gamble, Cary P. Gross, Richard S. Lehman, Peter Lins, Sandra A. Morris, Joanne Waldstreicher, and Harlan M. Krumholz
(United Kingdom, United States)

Abstract | Video

Statements About Intent to Share Individual Participant Data at ClinicalTrials.gov

Annice Bergeris, Tony Tse, Deborah A. Zarin (United States)

Abstract | Video | Article published in JAMA. 2018;319(4):406-408. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20581

Social Dynamics and Structural Bias in Peer Review, 1865-1965

Aileen Fyfe (United Kingdom)

Moderator: Drummond Rennie

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Monday, September 1, 2017

Improving Peer Review and Scientific Publication

Morning Welcome and Housekeeping
Michael Berkwits (United States)

Custodians of High-Quality Science: Are Editors and Peer Reviewers Good Enough?

David Moher (Canada)

Moderator: Michael Berkwits

Quality of Reporting

Moderator: Douglas G. Altman (United Kingdom)

Association of Journal-Level and Study-Level Variables With Proximity of Primary Study Results to Summary Estimates From Meta-Analyses in Imaging Journals
Robert Frank, Matthew McInnes, Deborah Levine, Herbert Kressel, Julie Jesurum, William Petrcich, Trevor McGrath, and Patrick M. Bossuyt (Canada, the Netherlands, United States)
Abstract | Video

Discrepancies in Reporting Between Trial Publications and Clinical Trial Registries in High-Impact Journals

Sarah Daisy Kosa, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Victoria Borg Debono, Mohit Bhandari, Brittany B. Dennis,
Gabrielle Ene, Alvin Leenus, Daniel Shi, Michael Thabane, Thuva Vanniyasingam, Chenglin Ye, Elgene Yranon, Shiyuan Zhang, and Lehana Thabane (Canada)

Abstract | Video

Methodological and Reporting Quality of Systematic Reviews Underpinning Clinical Practice Guidelines

Cole Wayant and Matt Vassar (United States)

Abstract | Video

Optimism Bias in Contemporary National Clinical Trial Network Phase 3 Trials

Kaveh Zakeri, Sonal S. Noticewala, Lucas K. Vitzthum, Elena Sojourner, and Loren K. Mell (United States)

Abstract | Video

Quality of the Scientific Literature

Moderator: Ana Marušić (Croatia)

Scientific Quality in a Series of Comparative Effectiveness Research Studies

Harold Sox, Evan Mayo-Wilson, Kelly Vander Ley, Marina Broitman, David Hickam, Steven Clauser, Yen-Pin Chiang, and Evelyn Whitlock
(United States)

Abstract | Video

Pitfalls in the Use of Statistical Methods in Systematic Reviews of Therapeutic Interventions: A Cross-sectional Study

Matthew J. Page, Douglas G. Altman, Larissa Shamseer, Joanne E. McKenzie, Nadera Ahmadzai,
Dianna Wolfe, Fatemeh Yazdi, Ferrán Catalá-López, Andrea C. Tricco, and David Moher (Australia, Canada, Spain, United Kingdom)

Abstract | Video | Article published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2018;95:7-18. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.11.022

Introducing Reporting Guidelines and Checklists for Contributors to Radiology: Results of an Author and Reviewer Survey

Marc Dewey, Deborah Levine, Patrick M. Bossuyt, and Herbert Kressel (Germany,
the Netherlands, United States)

Abstract | Video

Reported Use of Standard Reporting Guidelines Among JNCI Authors, Editorial Outcome, and Reviewer Ratings Related to Adherence to Guidelines and Clarity of Presentation

Jeannine Botos (United States)

Abstract | Video | Article published in Research Integrity and Peer Review. September 27, 2018.

Impact of an Intervention to Improve Compliance With the ARRIVE Guidelines for the Reporting of In Vivo Animal Research

Emily Sena for the Intervention to Improve Compliance With the ARRIVE Guidelines
(IICARus) Collaborative group (United Kingdom)

Abstract | Video

Trial Registration

Moderator: Kay Dickersin (United States)

Association of Trial Registration With Reporting of Clinical Trials: Comparison of Protocols, Registries, and Published Articles

An-Wen Chan, Annukka Pello, Jessica Kitchen, Anna Axentiev, Jorma Virtanen,
Annie Liu, and Elina Hemminki (Canada, Finland)

Abstract | Video | Article published in JAMA. September 11, 2017. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13001

Impact of FDAAA on Registration, Results Reporting and Publication of Neuropsychiatric Clinical Trials Supporting FDA New Drug Approval, 2005-2014

Constance X. Zou, Jessica E. Becker, Adam T. Phillips, Harlan
M. Krumholz, Jennifer E. Miller, and Joseph S. Ross (United States)

Abstract | Video | Article published in Trials. October 23, 2018. doi:10.1186/s13063-018-2957-0

Evaluation of the ClinicalTrials.gov Results Database and Its Relationship to the Peer-Reviewed Literature

Deborah A. Zarin, Tony Tse, Rebecca J. Williams, Thiyagu Rajakannan, and Kevin M. Fain (United States)

Abstract | Video

Funding/Grant Review

Moderator: Trish Groves (United Kingdom)

Geographic and Gender Bias in Peer Review of Applications Submitted to the Swiss National Science Foundation

João Martins, François Delavy, Anne Jorstad, and Matthias Egger (Switzerland)

Abstract | Video

Stakeholder Perceptions of Peer Review at the National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review

Mary Ann Guadagno and Richard K. Nakamura (United States)

Abstract | Video

Testing of 2 Application Ranking Approaches at the National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review

Richard K. Nakamura, Amy L. Rubinstein, Adrian P. Vancea, and Mary Ann Guadagno (United States)

Abstract | Video

Scientist, Patient, and Stakeholder Roles in Research Application Review: Analysis of the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Approach to Research Funding

Laura P. Forsythe, Lori B. Frank,
Tsahai A. Tafari, Sarah S. Cohen, Michael Lauer, Steve Clauser, Christine Goertz, and Suzanne Schrandtt (United States)

Abstract | Video

Statistical Review in Biomedical Journals: Can We Get SMARTA?

Steve N. Goodman (United States)

Moderator: Christine Laine

8th Annual EQUATOR Lecture

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Tuesday, September 12, 2017

Innovations in Peer Review and Scientific Publication

Morning Welcome and Housekeeping

John P. A. Ioannidis (United States)

Preprints and Other Threats to Traditional Publishing

Harlan M. Krumholz (United States)

Moderator: John P. A. Ioannidis

Peer Review Innovations

Moderator: Fiona Godlee (United Kingdom)

Assessment of Author Demand for Double-blind Peer Review in IOP (Institute of Physics) Publishing Journals

Simon Harris, Marc Gillett, Pernille Hammelsoe, and Tim Smith (United Kingdom)

Abstract | Video

Use of Open Review by Discipline, Country, and Over Time: An Analysis of Reviews and Journal Policies Posted on Publics

Sarah Parks, Salil Gunashekar, and Elta Smith (United Kingdom)

Abstract | Video

Comparison of Acceptance of Peer Reviewer Invitations by Peer Review Model: Open, Single-blind, and Double-blind Peer Review

Maria Kowalczuk and Michelle Samarasinghe (United Kingdom, United States)

Abstract | Video

A Novel Open Peer Review Format for an Emergency Medicine Blog

Scott Kobner, Derek Sifford, and Michelle Lin (United States)

Abstract | Video

Editorial and Peer-Review Process Innovations

Moderator: David Schriger (United States)

Impact of a Change in Editorial Policy at the Nature Publishing Group (NPG) on the Reporting of Biomedical Research

Malcolm Macleod for the NPQIP Collaborative Group (United Kingdom)

Abstract | Video | Article published in bioRxiv. 187245. doi:10.1101/187245

Assessment of Signing Peer Reviews in Principle and in Practice at Public Library of Science (PLOS) Journals

Elizabeth Seiver and Helen Atkins (United States)

Abstract | Video

The Role of Persistent Identifiers in the Peer Review Process: Use of ORCID

Alice Meadows (United States)

Abstract | Video

Introduction of Patient Review Alongside Traditional Peer Review at a General Medical Journal (The BMJ): A Mixed Methods Study

Sara Schroter, Amy Price, Rosamund Snow, Tessa Richards, Sam Parker,
Elizabeth Loder, and Fiona Godlee (United Kingdom, United States)

Abstract | Video | Article published in BMJ Open. 2018;8:e023357. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023357

Prepublication and Postpublication Issues

Moderator: Theo Bloom (United Kingdom)

Associations Between bioRxiv Preprint Noncitation Attention and Publication in the Biomedical Literature: A Cross-sectional and Cohort Study

Stylianos Serghiou and John P. A. Ioannidis (United States)

Abstract | Video | Article published in JAMA. 2018;319(4):402-404. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21168

Differences in Readership Metrics and Media Coverage Among Negative, Positive, or Mixed Studies Published by the New England Journal of Medicine

Ramya Ramaswami, Sagar Deshpande, Rebecca Berger, Pamela Miller, and Edward W. Campion (United States)

Abstract | Video

Reproducible Research Practices in Systematic Reviews of Therapeutic Interventions: A Cross-sectional Study

Matthew J. Page, Douglas G. Altman, Larissa Shamseer, Joanne E. McKenzie, Nadera Ahmadzai, Dianna Wolfe, Fatemeh Yazdi, Ferrán Catalá-López, Andrea Tricco, and David Moher (Australia, Canada, Spain, United Kingdom)

Abstract | Video | Article published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2018;94:8-18. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.10.017

Postpublication Issues

Moderator: Emilie Marcus (United States)

Analysis of Indexing Practices of Corrected and Republished Articles in MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Scoops

Tea Marasović, Ana Utrobičić, and Ana Marušić (Croatia)

Abstract | Video | Article published in The Lancet. Volume 391, Issue 10127, 1244–1245 (31 March 2018).

A Cross-sectional Study of Commenters and Commenting in PubMed, 2014-2016: Who’s Who in PubMed Commons

Melissa D. Vaught, Diana C. Jordan, and Hilda Bastian (United States)

Abstract | Video

The Role of PubPeer Comments in Alerting Editors to Serious Problems With Clinical Research Publications

Elizabeth Wager and Emma Veitch (United Kingdom)

Abstract | Video

Closing Session

Tribute to Drummond Rennie

Annette Flanagin, Fiona Godlee, and Howard Bauchner (United Kingdom, United States)



Poster Abstracts

Authorship and Contributorship

Trends in Authorship and Team Science in Major Medical Journals, 2005-2015

Christopher C. Muth and Robert M. Golub (United States)


Frequency of Reporting on Patient Involvement in Research Studies Published in a General Medical Journal: A Descriptive Study

Amy Price, Sara Schroter, Rosamund Snow, Sophie Staniszewska, Sam Parker, and Tessa
Richards (United Kingdom)

Abstract | Article published in BMJ Open. 2018;8:e020452. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020452

Authorship for Sale: A Survey Among Predatory Publishers and Journals

Pravin M. Bolshete (India)


A Survey of Awareness of Authorship Criteria by Clinical Investigators and Medical Writers in China

Jing-Ling Bao, Xiu-Yuan Hao, Wei-Zhu Liu, Pei-Fang Wei, Yang Pan, Jun-Min Wei, and Yong-Mao Jiang (China)


Survey of Authors’ Views on Barriers to Preparation of Biomedical Research Manuscripts

June Oshiro, Suzanne L. Caubet, Kelly Viola, and Jill M. Huber (United States)


Researchers’ Awareness and Use of Authorship Guidelines: An International Survey

Sara Schroter, Ilaria Montagni, Elizabeth Loder, Matthias Eikermann, Elke Schaeffner, and Tobias Kurth (France, Germany, United
Kingdom, United States)


International Survey of Researchers’ Experiences With and Attitudes Toward Coauthorship in the Humanities and Social Sciences

Tiffany Drake, Bruce Macfarlane, and Mark Robinson (United Kingdom)


Bias in Peer Review, Reporting, and Publication

Financial Ties and Discordance Between Results and Conclusions in Trials of Weight Loss and Physical Activity Apps

Veronica Yank, Sanjhavi Agarwal, Rhea Red, and Amy Lozano (United States)


Bias Arising From the Use of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures

Joel J. Gagnier, Jianyu Lai, and Chris Robbins (United States)


Discrepancies in Risk of Bias Judgments for Randomized Trials of Acupuncture Included in More Than 1 Cochrane Review

Yonggang Zhang, Linli Zheng, Youping Li, Mike Clarke, and Liang Du (China, United Kingdom)


Gender Bias in Funding of Proposals Submitted to the Swiss National Science Foundation

François Delavy, Anne Jorstad, and Matthias Egger (Switzerland)


Prevalence of High or Unclear Risk of Bias Assessments in Diagnostic Accuracy Studies Included in Cochrane Reviews

Nicola Di Girolamo, Reint Meursinge Reynders, and Alexandra Winter (Italy, Netherlands, United States)


Assessment of Agreement Between Reviewers in the Open Postpublication Peer Review Process of F1000Research

Tiago Barros and Liz Allen (United Kingdom)


An Update on Reporting Bias in the Antidepressant Literature: An FDA-Controlled Examination of Drug Efficacy

Erick H. Turner, Sepideh Alavi, Andrea Cipriani, Toshi Furukawa, Ilya Ivlev, Ryan McKenna, and
Yusuke Ogawa (Japan, United Kingdom, United States)


Prevalence of Comparative EffectivenessTrials of Surgical vs Medical Interventions

Anaïs Rameau, Anirudh Saraswathula, Ewoud Schuit, and John P. A. Ioannidis (the Netherlands, United States)


Frequency of Citation of Clinical Trials With a High Risk of Bias

Priyanka Desai, Mary Butler, and Robert L. Kane (United States)


Bibliometrics and Scientometrics

The Clinical Impact of Published Trials

Ashwini R. Sehgal (United States)


Association Between the Journal Evaluation Program of the Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors (KAMJE) and Change in Quality of Member Journals

Hee-Jin Yang, Se Jeong Oh, and Sung-Tae Hong (Korea)


Association of Publication Rate With the Award of Starting and Advanced Grants

David Pina, Lana Barać, Ivan Buljan, and Ana Marušić (Belgium, Croatia)


Determining the Appropriateness of Pediatrics Case Reports Citations

Bryan A. Sisk, Griffin S. Collins, Claire Dillenbeck, and J. Jeffrey Malatack (United States)


Conflict of Interest

Reporting of Conflicts of Interest of Panel Members of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Anaesthesiology: A Cross-Sectional Study

Damien Wyssa, Martin R. Tramèr, and Nadia Elia (Switzerland)

Physician Journal Editors and the Open Payments Program

Victoria S. S. Wong, Lauro Nathaniel Avalos, and Michael L. Callaham (United States)

Abstract | Article published in PeerJ Preprints.5:e3359v1. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3359v1

Effect of Different Financial Competing Interest Statements on Readers’ Perceptions of Clinical Educational Articles: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Sara Schroter, Julia Pakpoor, Julie Morris, Mabel Chew, and
Fiona Godlee (United Kingdom)

Abstract | Article published in BMJ Open. 2019;9:bmjopen-2018-025029. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025029

Competing Interest Disclosures Compared With Industry Payments Reporting Among Highly Cited Authors in Clinical Medicine

Daniel M. Cook and Kyle Kaminski (United States)


Collaboration Between Industry and Academics in Clinical Vaccine, Drug, and Device Trials: A Survey of Academic Investigators

Kristine Rasmussen, Lisa A. Bero, Rita Redberg, Peter C. Gøtzsche, and Andreas Lundh (Australia, Denmark, United States)


Accuracy, Transparency, and Conflict of Interest in Medical Journal Drug Advertisements

James R. Scott, Mark Gibson, and Rebecca S. Benner (United States)

Abstract | Article published in Learned Publishing. August 14, 2018. doi:10.1002/leap.1189

Data Sharing

Data Sharing Policies in Scholarly Publications: Interdisciplinary Comparisons

Michal Tal-Socher and Adrian Ziderman (Israel)


Endorsement of Data Sharing by Authors and High-Impact Medical Journals in China: A Survey of Authors and Assessment of Journals’ Online Instructions

Yuanyuan Ji, Limin Chen, Xiuyuan Hao, Ningning Wang, and Yalin Bao (China)


Dissemination of Information

NEJM Quick Take Videos: A Survey of Authors and Readers

Rebecca Berger, Ramya Ramaswami, Karen Buckley, Roger Feinstein, Kathy Stern, Timothy Vining, Stephen Morrissey, and Edward W. Campion (United States)


Age of Clinical Trial Data at the Time of Publication: A Systematic Review of Clinical Trials Published in 2015

John W. Welsh, Yuan Lu, Sanket S. Dhruva, Behnood Bikdeli, Nihar R. Desai, Liliya Benchetrit, Chloe O. Zimmerman, Lin Mu, Joseph S. Ross, and Harlan M. Krumholz (United States)

Abstract | Article published in JAMA Network Open. 2018;1(4):e181065. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1065

Publication and Dissemination of Results of Clinical Trials in Neurology

Anirudh Sreekrishnan, David Mampre, Cora Ormseth, Laura Miyares, Audrey Leasure, Lindsay Klickstein, Joseph S. Ross, and Kevin N. Sheth (United StateΩ)

Abstract | Article published in JAMA Neurology. April 30, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.0674

Disclosure of Results of Clinical Trials Sponsored by Pharmaceutical Companies

Slavka Baronikova, Jim Purvis, Christopher Winchester, Eric Southam, Julie Beeso, and Antonia Panayi (Switzerland, United Kingdom)


Frequency and Format of Clinical Trial Results Disseminated to Participants: A Survey of Trialists

Sara Schroter, Amy Price, Mario Malički, Rosamund Snow, Tessa Richards, and Mike Clarke (Croatia, United Kingdom)

Abstract | Article published in BMJ Open. 2019;9:e032701. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032701

Editorial and Peer Review Process

Editorial Rejections in Obstetrics & Gynecology

Randi Zung, Rebecca S. Benner, and Nancy C. Chescheir (United States)


Implementation of a Peer Reviewer Probation and Performance Monitoring Program at The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery

Marc Swiontkowski and Christina Nelson (United States)


Evaluation of a Software Tool and Process to Assist Authors With Reporting of Ethical Requirements of Studies

Tracy Ronan and Alice Ellingham (United Kingdom)


Peer Review in Croatian Open Access Scholarly and Professional Journals: A Cross-Disciplinary Survey

Ivana Hebrang Grgić and Jadranka Stojanovski (Croatia)


Feasibility of a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Results-Blind Peer Review vs Standard Peer Review for Reducing Publication Bias in an Open Peer Review Journal

Katherine S. Button, Anna Clark, Tim Shipley, and Liz Bal (United Kingdom)


A Scoping Review of the Roles and Tasks of Peer Reviewers in the Biomedical Journal Editorial Process

Ketevan Glonti, Daniel Cauchi, Erik Cobo, Isabelle Boutron, David Moher, Darko Hren (Canada, Croatia, France, Malta, Spain, United States)


A Survey of Chinese Medical Researchers’ Awareness and Use of Author-Suggested Reviewers

Limin Chen, Xiuyuan Hao, Yuanyuan Ji, and Yalin Bao (China)


Funding/Grant Peer Review

Influences of Independent Peer Reviewer Scores on UK National Institute for Health Research Grant Funding Recommendations

Nicola McArdle, Helen Payne, Sheila Turner, and Jeremy C. Wyatt (United Kingdom)


Influence of Evaluation Criteria on Overall Assessment in Peer Review of Project Grants Submitted to the Swiss National Science Foundation

Stéphanie Würth, Katrin Milzow, and Matthias Egger (Switzerland)


Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Methodology Standards to Improve the Design and Reporting of Research

Evan Mayo-Wilson, Kelly Vander Ley, Kay Dickersin, and Mark Helfand (United States)


Integrity and Misconduct

The Journal Project of the Russian Dissernet

Andrey Rostovtsev, Alexei Kassian, Vasiliy Vlassov, Anna Abalkina, and Larisa Melikhova (Russia)


Misuse of Received Manuscripts by Peer Reviewers: A Cross-sectional Survey

Darren Taichman, Jill Jackson, Deborah Cotton, Cynthia Mulrow, Jaya Rao, Mary Beth Schaeffer, Catharine Stack, Sankey Williams, and Christine Laine (United States)


A Survey of Knowledge and Perception of Plagiarism Among Chinese Authors and Reviewers

Pei-Fang Wei, Xiu-Yuan Hao, Yang Pan, Wei-Zhu Liu, Jing-Ling Bao, Jun-Min Wei, and Yong-Mao Jiang (China)


Post-retraction Citations in Korean Medical Journals

Sun Huh, Hyun Jung Yi, Hye-Min Cho, and Soo Young Kim (Korea)


Assessment of a Standardized Tool to Identify Deceptive Journals

Kathleen Berryman, Sheree Crosby, Lacey Earle, and Lucas Toutloff (United States)


Assessment of the Prevalence of Integrity Issues in Submitted Manuscripts

Damian Pattinson and Chrissy Prater (United States)


Peer Review

A Comparison of Reviewer Contribution Distributions in Publons

Andrew Preston and Tom Culley (United Kingdom)


A Pilot Study of Online Training of Patient Stakeholders Aimed at Improving Knowledge and Skills to Complete Peer Review of PCORI Draft Final Research Reports

Karen B. Eden, Ilya Ivlev, Amy Forester, Camber Hansen-Karr, Ed Reid, Lauren Saxton, Kelly Vander Ley, and Mark Helfand (United States)


Identification of Motivations for Peer Reviewers to Perform Prepublication Review of Manuscripts: A Systematic Review

Mersiha Mahmić-Kaknjo, Mario Malički, Ana Utrobičić, Dario Sambunjak, and Ana Marušić (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia)


Publishing Peer Review Reports Alongside Articles With Separate DOIs: A Pilot Study of 5 Journals in Different Scientific Disciplines

Bahar Mehmani (the Netherlands)


Peer Review in Computer Science Conferences Published by Springer

Mario Malički, Martin Mihajlov, Aliaksandr Birukou, and Volha Bryl (Croatia, Germany, Macedonia)


An Analysis of Peer Review Cases Brought to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) From 1997-2016

Elizabeth Moylan, Virginia Barbour, Linda Gough, Charon A. Pierson, Deborah Poff, Natalie Ridgeway, Michael J. Wise, and Adrian Ziderman (Australia, Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States)


Modeling the Effects of Jointly Implemented Peer Review Systems on Scientific Publication

Michail Kovanis, Philippe Ravaud, and Raphael Porcher (France)


Linguistic Features in Peer Reviewer Reports: How Peer Reviewers Communicate Their Recommendations

Ketevan Glonti, Darko Hren, Simon Carter, and Sara Schroter (Croatia, France, United Kingdom)


Assessment of Regional Diversity of Reviewers in Journals Published in Medicine and Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Thomas Gaston and Pippa Smart (United Kingdom)

Abstract | Article published in Learned Publishing. January 16, 2018. doi:10.1002/leap.1155

Quality of Reporting

Characterizing Major Issues in ClinicalTrials.gov Results Submissions

Heather D. Dobbins, Cassiah Cox, Tony Tse, Rebecca J. Williams, and Deborah Zarin (United States)


Transparency in Cross-National Research: Quality of Reporting

Elena Damian, Bart Meuleman, and Wim van Oorschot (Belgium)


Presence of a Unique Trial Identifier in the Abstracts of Industry-Sponsored Manuscripts

LaVerne A. Mooney, Joseph F. Michalski, and Lorna Fay (United States)


Assessment of the Quality and Transparency of Research Reporting Endorsement by Brazilian Health Science Journals

Tais Galvao, Monica C. Roa, Leila Posenato Garcia, and Marcus T. Silva (Brazil)


Reporting Statistical Inference in Psychiatry, 1975-2015: An Analysis of Abstracts in Major Psychiatric Journals

Christopher Baethge, Markus Deckert, and Andreas Stang (Germany)


A Scale for the Assessment of Non-systematic Review Articles (SANRA)

Christopher Baethge, Sandra Goldbeck-Wood, and Stephan Mertens (Germany, United Kingdom)


Completeness of Reporting in Indian Qualitative Public Health Research: A Systematic Review of 20 Years of Literature

Myron A. Godinho, Nachiket Gudi, Maja Milkowska, Shruti Murthy, Ajay Bailey, and N.Sreekumaran Nair (India)

Abstract | Article published in Journal of Public Health. July 13, 2018. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdy122

Reporting of Sex and Gender in Clinical Trial Protocols and Published Results

Thiyagu Rajakannan, Kevin M. Fain, Rebecca Williams, Tony Tse, and Deborah A. Zarin (United States)


Adherence to Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) Guideline Items in Randomized Trials of Physical Activity Published in 5 Sports Medicine Journals

Daniel Umpierre, Lucas Helal, Patrícia Bock, and Lucas Porto Santos (Brazil)


Identification of Ethics Committees Based on Authors’ Disclosures: Cross-sectional Study of Articles Published in the European Journal of Anaesthesiology and a Survey of Ethics Committees

Davide Zoccatelli, Martin R. Tramèr, and Nadia Elia (Switzerland)


Quality of the Literature

The Role of Supplementary Material in Journal Articles: Surveys of Authors, Reviewers, and Readers

Amy Price, Sara Schroter, Mike Clarke, and Helen McAneney (United Kingdom)


Editorial Evaluation, Peer Review, and Publication of Research Papers With and Without Online-Only Supplements: Quality vs Superior Tonnage

Annette Flanagin, Stacy Christiansen, Chris Borden, Demetrios N. Kyriacou, Caroline Sietmann, Elaine Williams, Larry Bryant, Jamie Reickel, and Allison Newton (United States)

Abstract | Article published in JAMA. 2018;319(4):410. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20650

Readability of Open Access and Non–Open Access Articles Reporting Research Studies in Primary Health Care: A Cross-sectional Study

Shuhei Ichikawa, Kae Uetani, Yoshihito Goto, and Takanori Fujita (Japan)


Reporting Guidelines

Interventions to Improve Adherence to Reporting Guidelines: A Scoping Review

David Blanco de Tena-Dávila, Jamie Kirkham, Douglas G. Altman, David Moher, Isabelle Boutron, and Erik Cobo (Canada, France, Spain,
United Kingdom)

Abstract | Article published in BMJ Open. 2019;9:e026589. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026589

A Qualitative Assessment of the STROBE Extensions: Laying the Groundwork for Future Educational Interventions

Melissa Sharp and Darko Hren (Croatia)


Transparency and Completeness in the Reporting of Stakeholder Involvement in the Development and Reporting of Research Reporting Guidelines

Karen Woolley, Serina Stretton, and Lauri Arnstein (Australia, Japan, United Kingdom)


Evaluation of Reporting Guideline Implementation by Editors of Rehabilitation-Related Journals

Allen Heinemann, Leighton Chan, Helen Hoenig, Glenn Collins, and Jason Roberts (United States)


Journal Support for ARRIVE Guidelines and Reporting Quality of Animal Welfare, Analgesia, or Anesthesia Articles

Vivian Leung, Frédérik Rousseau-Blass, and Daniel S. J. Pang (Canada)

Abstract | Article published in PLOS ONE. 13(5): e0197882. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0197882

Reproducible Research

Association of Random Audits of Researchers With Improved Overall Quality of Research

Adrian G. Barnett, Nicholas Graves, and Pauline Zardo (Australia)

Abstract | Article published in PLOS ONE. 13(4): e0195613. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195613

Research Methods

Study Designs for the Evaluation of Biomarkers in Ovarian Cancer: A Systematic Review

Maria Olsen, Mona Ghannad, and Patrick M. Bossuyt (the Netherlands)



Benefits and Barriers to Implementation of Statistical Review at a Veterinary Medical Journal: A Mixed-Methods Study

Alexandra Winter, Nicola DiGirolamo, and Michelle Giuffrida (Italy, United States)


Authors’ Assessment of the Impact and Value of Statistical Review in a General Medical Journal: 5-Year Survey Results

Catharine Stack, Alicia Ludwig, A. Russell Localio, Anne Meibohm, Eliseo Guallar, John Wong, Deborah Cotton, Cynthia Mulrow, Jaya Rao, Mary Beth Schaeffer, Darren Taichman, and Christine Laine (United States)


Trial Registration

Proportion of National Institutes of Health R01-Funded Clinical Trials Registered in ClinicalTrials.gov

Erick H. Turner, An-Wen Chan, Dan A. Oren, and Steven Bedrick (Canada, United States)


Clinical Trials and Tribulations: “The Registration Haze”

Denise M. Goodman, Karen E. Gutzman, and William F. Balistreri (United States)


Adverse Event Reporting in Registered and Published Clinical Trials Focusing on Drug-Drug Interactions

Diana Jurić, Shelly Pranić, Ivančica Pavličević, and Ana Marušić (Croatia)


Adherence to the ICMJE Prospective Registration Policy Among Trials Published in High-Impact Specialty Society Journals

Anand D. Gopal, Joshua D. Wallach, Jenerius A. Aminawung, Gregg Gonsalves, Rafael Dal-Ré, Jennifer E. Miller, and Joseph S. Ross (Spain, United States)


Satellite Sessions

Saturday, September 9

EQUATOR GoodReports Campaign Workshop
Implementing Reporting Guidelines: Time for Action

For more information: www.equator-network.org/2017/04/07/workshop_prc8_chicago_2017/

EQUATOR and Centre of Journalology Workshop
What Should Journals Do in the Wake of Predatory Journals?

For more information: ohri.ca/journalology/events.aspx/

Monday, September 11

WAME Business Meeting
8th Annual EQUATOR Lecture
What a Reporting Guideline Can Do: 15 Years of STARD (Standards for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy Studies)

Patrick M. Bossuyt

For more information: www.equator-network.org/2017/01/04/equator-lecture-2017-patrick-bossuyt/

Tuesday, September 12

Peer Review Week
Under the Microscope: Transparency in Peer Review

For more information: peerreviewweek.wordpress.com/activities/

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Isabelle Boutron
PRC Speaker

Brian Nosek
PRC Speaker

Paul Glasziou
PRC Speaker

PRC Speaker

Tony Ross-Hellauer
PRC Speaker