2009 Program

JAMA and the BMJ Held
The Sixth International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication
September 10-12, 2009
Vancouver, BC, Canada

Printable PDF version of this program and Preliminary Abstracts

On behalf of JAMA and the BMJ, we thank all who participated in the Sixth International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication.

There were 424 attendees from 32 countries, and 46 research presentations from the podium and 64 poster presentations. Preliminary abstracts are available from the links below. As full papers are published, links to the articles will be added.

During the Congress, 46 reports of new research were presented in plenary sessions and 64 posters were presented. Research topics included: authorship; conflicts of interest; journal guidelines and policies; ethical concerns; peer review process; funding/grant review; publication bias; rhetoric and spin; effects of journal indexing, open access, the Web/Internet, and impact factor, and trial registration; retractions; publication pathways; quality of journal articles; and the quality of reporting of research and clinical trials.

Drummond Rennie, Congress Director
Annette Flanagin, Congress Coordinator
Fiona Godlee, European Director
Jane Smith, European Coordinator

Thursday, September 10

7:30 AM — 8:30 AM

Registration, Coffee/Tea, and Exhibits

8:30 AM

Welcome and Introductions
Drummond Rennie (United States)

8:40 AM — 9:10 AM

Jumping Without Parachutes: Numbers, Knowledge and Biomedical Journals
Steven Goodman (United States)

9:10 AM — 10:30 AM

Authorship and Contributorship
Moderator: Drummond Rennie (United States)

Influence of Authorship Order and Corresponding Author on Perceptions of Authors' Contributions

Mohit Bhandari, Jason Busse, Abhaya Kulkarni, P. J. Devereaux, Leece Pamela, Sohail Bajammal, Gordon Guyatt (Canada)

Ghost Writers and Honorary Authorship: A Survey From the Chinese Medical Journal
Xiu-yuan HAO, Shou-chu QIAN, Su-ning YOU, Mou-yue WANG (China)

Prevalence of Honorary and Ghost Authorship in 6 General Medical Journals, 2008
Joseph Wislar, Annette Flanagin, Phil Fontanarosa, Catherine DeAngelis (United States)
Abstract |  Article  published in BMJ. 2011;343:d6128. doi:10.1136/bmj.d6128

Ghost Writing: How Some Journals Aided and Abetted the Marketing of a Drug
Lisa Bero, Jenny White (United States)

10:30 AM — 11:00 AM

Refreshment Break and Visit Exhibits

11:00 AM — 12:00 PM

Peer Review
Moderator: James Scott (United States)

The Natural History of Peer Reviewers: The Decay of Quality
Michael Callaham (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2010 Nov 11. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2010.07.027

Does a Mentoring Program for New Peer Reviewers Improve Their Review Quality? A Randomized Controlled Trial
Debra Houry, Michael Callaham, Steven Green (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMC Medical Education 2012, 12:83 doi:10.1186/1472-6920-12-83

Surveys of Current Status in Biomedical Science Grant Review: Funding Organizations and Grant Reviewers' Perspective
Sara Schroter, Trish Groves, Liselotte Hojgaard (United Kingdom, Denmark)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMC Medicine. 2010;8:62 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-8-62.

12:00 PM — 1:30 PM

Lunch and Visit Exhibits

1:30 PM — 3:10 PM

Data Sharing and Conflicts of Interest
Moderator: Martin Van Der Weyden (Australia)

Reproducible Research: Biomedical Researchers' Willingness to Share Information to Enable Others to Reproduce Their Results
Christine Laine, Michael Berkwits, Cynthia Mulrow, Mary Beth Schaeffer, Michael Griswold, Steven Goodman (United States)

Investigator Experiences With Financial Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Trials
Paula A. Rochon, Melanie Sekeres, John Hoey, Joel Lexchin, Lorraine E. Ferris, David Moher, Wei Wu, Sunila R. Kalkar, Marleen Van Laethem, Andrea Gruneir, Jennifer Gold, M. James Maskalyk, David L. Streiner, An-Wen Chan (Canada)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Trials. 2011, 12:9.

Acknowledgment of Company Support in Research Publications From Investigator-Sponsored Studies
John Ellison, Rosarito Jahn, Kirsten Kempe (United States)

Commercial Relationships, Funding, and Full Publication of Randomized Controlled Trials Initially Reported in Conference Abstracts
Isabel Rodriguez-Barraquer, Bonnielin Swenor, Roberta Scherer, Kay Dickersin (United States)

Perceptions and Integration of Conflict of Interest Disclosures Among Peer Reviewers
Suzanne Lippert, Michael Callaham, Bernard Lo (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in PLoS One. 2011; 6(11): e26900.

3:10 PM — 3:45 PM

Refreshment Break and Visit Exhibits

3:45 PM — 5:25 PM

Editorial Training, Decisions, Policies, and Ethics
Moderator: Edward W. Campion (United States)

Background, Training, and Familiarity With Ethical Standards of Editors of Major Medical Journals
Victoria Wong, Michael Callaham (United States)
Abstract |  Article  published in J Clin Epidemiol. Epub 2011 Nov 10. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2011.08.003

A Qualitative Study of Editorial Decisions About Publication of Randomized Trials at Major Biomedical Journals
Kirby Lee, Elizabeth Boyd, Lisa Bero (United States)

Editorial Policies of Pediatric Journals: A Survey of Instructions for Authors
Joerg Meerpohl, Robert Wolff, Charlotte Niemeyer, Gerd Antes, Erik von Elm (Germany, United Kingdom, Switzerland)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010;164(3):268-272.

Was JAMA's Requirement for Independent Statistical Analysis Associated With a Change in the Number of Industry-Funded Studies It Published?
Elizabeth Wager, Rahul Mhaskar, Stephanie Warburton, Benjamin Djulbegovic (United Kingdom, United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in PLoS ONE 5(10): e13591. doi:10.1371.

What Ethical Issues Do Journal Editors Bring to COPE?
Elizabeth Wager, Sabine Kleinert (United Kingdom)

6:00 PM - 7:00 PM

Welcome Reception
Please join us for light hors d'oeuvres and drinks in the Bayshore Foyer.

Friday, September 11

7:30 AM — 8:30 AM

Registration, Coffee/Tea, and Exhibits

8:30 AM — 9:00 AM

Comparative Effectiveness Research
Harold C. Sox Jr (United States)

9:00 AM — 10:20 AM

Publication Pathways
Moderator: Annette Flanagin (United States)

Predictors of Time to Publication of Manuscripts Rejected by Major Biomedical Journals
Kirby Lee, Nicholas Lehman, I'Alla Brodie, Lisa Bero (United States)

Publication of Research Reports After Rejection by the New England Journal of Medicine in 2 Time Periods
Michael Bretthauer, Pam Miller, Edward W. Campion, Jeff Drazen (United States)

An Evaluation of Time-to-Publication for Randomized Trials Submitted to the BMJ
Sara Schroter, Douglas Altman, John Ioannidis (United Kingdom, Greece)

Complexity of Peer Review Evaluations: Twelve-Year Prospective Study on Submitted Papers to a Specialized Journal
Francine Kauffmann, Klaus Rabe, Béatrice Faraldo, Hélène Tharrault, Jean Maccario, Alan Leff (France, the Netherlands, United States)

10:20 AM — 11:00 AM

Refreshment Break and Visit Exhibits

11:00 AM — 12:00 PM

Publication Bias
Moderator: Lisa Bero (United States)

Testing for the Presence of Positive-Outcome Bias in Peer Review: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Gwendolyn B. Emerson, Richard A. Brand, James D. Heckman, Winston J. Warme, Fredric M. Wolf, Seth S. Leopold (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Arch Intern Med. 2010;170(21):1934-1939.

Composite Outcomes Can Be Misleading
Gloria Cordoba, Lisa Schwartz, Steven Woloshin, Harold Bae, Peter Gøtzsche (Denmark, United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMJ. 2010;341:c3920.

Reporting Biases and Publication Strategy for Off-Label Indications: A Potent Mix
S. Swaroop Vedula, Ilyas Rona, Palko Goldman, Thomas Greene, Kay Dickersin (United States)
Abstract  |  Article published in N Engl J Med. 2009;361(20):1963-1971.

12:00 PM — 1:30 PM

Lunch and Visit Exhibits

1:30 PM — 2:30 PM

Moderator: Richard Horton (United Kingdom)

"Spin" in Reports of Randomized Controlled Trials With Nonstatistically Significant Primary Outcomes
Isabelle Boutron, Susan Dutton, Philippe Ravaud, Douglas Altman (United Kingdom, France)
Abstract  |   Article  published in JAMA. 2010;303(20):2058-2064.

Rhetoric Used in Reporting Research Results
Lisa Bero, Yolanda Cheng (United States)

A Propaganda Index for Screening Manuscripts
Eileen Gambrill (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in PLoS One. 6,e19516.

2:30 PM — 3:45 PM

Poster Sessions and Refreshments and Visit Exhibits
(See poster session listing for details.)

3:45 PM — 5:05 PM

Trial Registration
Moderator: Catherine D. DeAngelis (United States)

Frequency and Nature of Changes in Primary Outcome Measures
Deborah Zarin, Tony Tse, Rebecca Williams (United States)

Trial Registration Can Be a Useful Source of Information for Quality Assessment: A Study of Trials Records Retrieved From the WHO Search Portal
Ludovic Reveiz, An-Wen Chan, Karmela Krleža-Jeric, Carlos Granados, Pinart Mariona, Itziar Etxeandia, Diego Rada, Monserrat Martinez, Andres Cardona (Colombia, United States, Canada, Spain)
Abstract  |   Article  published in PLoS One. 2010 Aug 31;5(8):e12484.

Registration Completeness and Changes of Registered Data in ClinicalTrials.gov for Clinical Trials Published in ICMJE Journals After September 2005 Deadline for Mandatory Trial Registration
Ana Marušic, Mirjana Huic, Matko Marušic (Croatia)
Abstract |  Article  published in PLoS ONE 6(9): e25258. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025258

Is Protocol Information Recorded in ClinicalTrials.gov Useful for Systematic Reviewers Relying on Conference Abstracts?
Roberta Scherer, Ann-Margret Ervin, JaKeisha Taylor, Kay Dickersin (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e44183. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044183. 

Saturday, September 12

7:30 AM — 8:30 AM

Registration, Coffee/Tea, and Exhibits

8:30 AM — 9:00 AM

Peer Review Congresses, 1986 to 2009: Victory? Defeat? Both?
Drummond Rennie (United States)

9:00 AM — 10:00 AM

Quality of Reporting I
Moderator: David Moher (Canada)

Quality of Survey Reporting in High-Impact-Factor Journals
Carol Bennett, Sara Khangura, Jamie Brehaut, Ian Graham, David Moher, Beth Potter, Jeremy Grimshaw (Canada)
Abstract  |   Article  published in PLoS Med. 8(8): e1001069.

Citation of Prior Research in Reports of Clinical Trials
Karen Robinson, Steven Goodman (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Ann Intern Med. 2011 Jan 4;154(1):50-5. doi: 10.1059/0003-4819-154-1-201101040-00007.

Utility of Editorials and Commentaries That Accompany Publication of Research Studies
Diane Civic (United States)

10:00 AM — 11:00 AM

Poster Sessions and Refreshments and Visit Exhibits
(See poster session listing for details.)

11:00 AM — 12:00 PM

Quality of Reporting II
Moderator: Douglas G. Altman (United Kingdom)

Acknowledging Limitations in Biomedical Studies: The ALIBI study
Milo Puhan, Nadine Heller, Irena Joleska, Lara Siebeling, Patrick Muggensturm, Martin Umbehr, Steven Goodman, Gerben ter Riet (United States, Switzerland, the Netherlands)

Reporting of Eligibility Criteria of Randomized Trials: Comparison Between Trial Protocols and Journal Articles
Anette Bl ümle, Erik von Elm, Joerg Meerpohl (Germany, Switzerland)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMJ. 2011;342:d1828.

Reporting of Continuous Outcome Measures in Randomized Clinical Trials: Is the Whole Story Being Told?
David Schriger, Dan Savage, Douglas G. Altman (United States, United Kingdom)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMJ. 2012 Dec 18;345:e8486.

12:00 PM — 1:30 PM

Lunch and Visit Exhibits

1:30 PM — 2:50 PM

Quality of Reporting III
Moderator: Paul Hebert (Canada)

CONSORT for Improving the Quality of Reports of Randomized Trials: A Longitudinal Study of PubMed-Indexed Articles
Sally Hopewell, Susan Dutton, Ly-mee Yu, An-Wen Chan, Douglas G. Altman (United Kingdom, Canada)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMJ. 2012;344:e4178.

CONSORT Guidelines for Reporting Abstracts of Randomized Trials: A Survey of Its Impact on High-Impact Journals
Sally Hopewell, Isabelle Boutron, Mike Clarke (United Kingdom, France)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMJ. 2010;340:c723.

Reporting Clinical Trial Subgroup Analyses: A Proposal for Rigorously Assessing Heterogeneity in Treatments Effects
David Kent, Peter Rothwell, John P. A. Ioannidis, Douglas G. Altman, Rodney Hayward (United States, United Kingdom, Greece)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Trials 2010, 11:85 doi:10.1186/1745-6215-11-85.

Reporting Guidelines for Clinical Research: A Systematic Review
David Moher (Canada)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 64 (2011) 718-742.

2:50 PM — 3:20 PM

Refreshment Break

3:20 PM — 5:00 PM

Postpublication Citations, Indexing, Responses, and Online Publishing
Moderator: Fiona Godlee (United Kingdom)

Impact Factors of Secondary Journals
Cynthia Lokker, R. Brian Haynes, K. Ann McKibbon, Nancy Wilczynski (Canada)
Abstract  |   Article  published in J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci. 62: 637–642.

Does Journal Indexation Depend on the Origin of Publication? A Retropspective Cohort Study of Anesthesia Journals Indexed in MEDLINE and EMBASE
Martin Tram èr, Nadia Elia, Jean-Daniel Junod, Teresa Dib, Christian Mazza (Switzerland)

Authors' Reply to Substantive Criticism Raised in Online Letters to the Editor
Peter Gøtzsche, Tony Delamothe, Fiona Godlee, Andreas Lundh (Denmark, United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in BMJ. 2010;341:c3926

Reader Response to an Online Clinical-Decision Feature With Polls and Commenting
Patricia Kritek, Edward W. Campion, Pam Miller (United States)

Use of the Internet by Print Medical Journals in 2003-2009: A Longitudinal Observational Study
David Schriger, Rashida Merchant, Ariana Chehrazi, Douglas G. Altman (United States, United Kingdom)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2010 Dec 23. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2010.10.008

5:00 PM

Summary and Adjournment
Drummond Rennie (United States)

Abstracts to Be Presented as Posters

Posters will be presented during 2 sessions on Friday and Saturday, September 11 and 12.


A Survey on Publication Standards of Medical Drug and Device Advertisements Published in Core Medical Journals in China
Youping LI, Liang DU, Yao-long CHEN, Min CHEN (China)

Papers Supporting Advertisements in Medical Journals: A Continuation of the Case-Control Study
Vasiliy Vlassov (Russia)

Authorship and Contributorship

Factors Associated With Multiple Authorship in Peer-Reviewed Papers Regarding Pregnancy Over 3 Decades
Brian Mercer, Catherine Spong, James Scott (United States)


The Value of Lesser-Impact-Factor Surgical Journals as a Source of Negative and Inconclusive Outcomes Reporting
Ziad Kanaan, Susan Galandiuk, Margaret Abby, Katherine Shannon, Daoud Dajani, Hiram C. Polk (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Ann Surg. 2011 Mar;253(3):619-23. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e31820d9b04.

Differences in Editorial Board Reviewer Behavior Based on Gender
Deborah Wing, Rebecca Benner, Rita Petersen, James Scott (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010 Oct;19(10):1919-23. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2009.1904.

Eligibility Criteria of Randomized Controlled Trials of Acutely Ill and Hospitalized Patients With Acute Lung Injury or Sepsis
Chris Lazongas, Andrew Toren, Ruxandra Pinto, Niall Ferguson, Robert Fowler (Canada)

Multiple Publication of Positive vs Negative Trial Results in Review Articles: Influence on Apparent Weight of the Evidence
Erick Turner (United States)

Reasons for Not Publishing Studies: A Meta-analysis of Data From Empirical Studies
Fujian Song, Caroline Hing, Sheetal Parekh, L Hooper, Yoon Loke, Jon Ryder, Alex Sutton, Ian Harvey (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Health Technol Assess. 2010 Feb;14(8):iii, ix-xi, 1-193.

Citation Analysis

Bibliometric Analysis of Latin American Presence in Pediatric Publications: Geographical Distribution and Countries' Impact Factor
Paula Otero, Norma Rossato, Pablo Duran, Fernando Ferrero, Hebe Gonzalez Pena, Susana Rodriguez, Jose Ceriani Cernadas (Argentina)

Demographics and Intellectual Market Share of Medical Journals
Victoria Wong, Michael Callaham (United States)

Conflicts of Interest

Sponsorship of Medical Textbooks by Drug or Device Companies
Andreas Lundh, Peter Gøtzsche (Denmark)
Abstract  |   Article  published in CMEJ. 1(1), e10-e17.

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Policies in Psychiatry and Medicine: A Comparative Study of Peer-Reviewed Journals
Gauri Khurana, Schuyler Henderson, Garry Walters, Andres Martin (United States, Australia)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Acad Psychiatry. 2012 Jan 1;36(1):17-22. doi: 10.1176/appi.ap.09120248.

The Impact of Disclosing Financial Ties in Research and Care: A Systematic Review
Adam Licurse, Emma Barber, Steven Joffe, Cary Gross (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Arch Intern Med. 2010 Apr 26;170(8):675-82.

Screening Investigator Financial Conflict of Interest: A Checklist for Authors, Editors, and Readers
David Moher, Paula Rochon, John Hoey, An-Wen Chan, Lorraine Ferris, Joel Lexchin, Marleen Van Laethem, Sunila Kalkar, Melanie Sekeres, Wei Wu, Andrea Gruneir (Canada, United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Open Medicine. 2010;4(1):e70.

Data Sharing

Medical Journal Editor Perspectives on Sharing Results Data From Patient-Oriented Research: A WAME Survey
Karmela Krleža-Jeric, Ida Sim, Ana Marušic, Ludovic Reveiz, Carlos Granados (Canada, United States, Croatia, Colombia)

Editorial Decision Process

Consistency of Decision Making by Editors: The Relation Between Reviewers' and Editors' Ratings and Future (10 Years) Citation
Tobias Opthof, Ruben Coronel (the Netherlands)

Evaluation of Editor's Judgment on Quality of Articles
Heidi Logothetti, Sheryl Martin, Rebecca Benner, James Scott, John Queenan, Catherine Spong (United States)

Subjectivity and the Science of Peer Review: What Qualitative Research Can Tell Us About Editorial Processes at Major Medical Journals
Wendy Lipworth (Australia)
Abstract  |   Articles   published in Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. 8 (3):267-280., Social Science & Medicine. 72(7), 1056-1063., and Epistemology. 25 (1), 97-121.

Ethical Concerns

Informed Consent in Clinical Studies Published in the Chinese Medical Journal: Comparison of 2001-2004 and 2005-2008
Mouyue WANG (China)

Ethical Concerns of Nursing Journal Reviewers: An International Survey
Marion Broome, Molly Dougherty, Margaret Freda, Margaret Kearney, Judith Baggs (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Nursing Ethics. 17 (6), 741-748.

Must Research Using Publicly Available Anonymous Databases Undergo IRB Review? Views From Journals and IRBs
Ingrid Nygaard, Sheryl Martin (United States)

Ethics Committee Review Requirements for Published Abstracts of Human Research Presented at Major Medical Association Meetings
Robert Dellavalle, Rachel Simmons (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in WebmedCentral MEDICINE. 2010;1(9):WMC00581.

Funding/Grant Peer Review

Quality Assurance of Grant Applications: Confirmation of Publication Records
Liza Chan, Kathryn Graham, Pam Valentine, Jacques Magnan (Canada)

Instructions for Authors

Completeness of Journal Instructions for Authors
Jane C. Wiggs (United States)

High-Impact-Factor Journals Offer Limited Guidance to Authors Reporting Survey Research
Sara Khangura, Carol Bennett, Jamie Brehaut, Jeremy Grimshaw, David Moher, Beth Potter (Canada)
Abstract  |   Article  published in PLoS Med. 2010 Aug;8(8):e1001069. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001069.

Open Access

Impact of Free Access of Articles on Content and Impact Factor of an Indian Biomedical Journal
Anju Sharma, Satyanarayana Kanikaram (India)

Peer Review

ET Study: Enhancing Transparency of Biomedical Journals
Erik Cobo, Agusti Urrutia, Albert Selva-O'Callagham, Francesc Cardellach, Josep Maria Ribera, Jordi Cortes, Francesc Miras, Celestino Rey-Joly, Miquel Vilardell-Tarres (Spain)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMJ. 2011;343:d6783.

Diversity and Quality of Reviews for a Generalist Medical Journal
William Phillips, Robin Gotler, Laura McLellan, Stephen Zyzanski (United States)

Implementation of a Medical Journal Peer Reviewer Stratification System Based on Quality and Reliability
Steven Green, Michael Callaham (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2011;57:149-152.

Assessment of Reviewers Recommended by Authors vs Editors: Is There Bias?
Monica Helton, William Balistreri (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in J Pediatr. 2011;159(1):150–151.

Peer Review in Journals Published by Oxford Journals
Huw Price (United Kingdom)

Quality of Peer Reviews in 3 Nursing Journals From the Perspective of Authors and Editors
Sandra Thomas, Mona Shattell, Peggy Chinn, W. Cowling (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in J Nurs Scholarsh. 2010 Mar;42(1):58-65. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2009.01331.x.

Nursing Journal Peer Reviewers' Views on Quality Indicators in Publishing
Molly Dougherty, Margaret Freda, Margaret Kearney, Judith Baggs, Marion Broome (United States)
Abstract   |   Article published in West J Nurs Res. November 15, 2010. doi: 10.1177/0193945910385715.

Peer Review in Small vs Non-Small Biomedical Journals
Farrokh Habibzadeh, Rob Siebers (Iran, New Zealand)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMJ. 2010 Aug 18;341:c3920. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c3920.

Effects of Training Reviewers on Quality of Peer Review: A Retrospective Survey
Ying YANG (China)

Peer Reviewers' Recommendations at the Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2004-2008: Style or Substance?
Richard Kravitz, Peter Franks, Martha Gerrity, Mitchell Feldman, Cindy Byrne, William Tierney (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in PLoS One. 2010 Apr 8;5(4):e10072.

Trends in Using Insecure e-Mail Services in Communication With Journal Editors
Krešimir Šolićc, Vesna Ilakovac, Ana Marušic, Matko Marušic (Croatia)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Med Glas (Zenica). 2011 Aug;8(2):273-6.

Postpublication Perceptions and Influence

Canadian Physicians' Perceptions About Biomedical Journals
Erica Frank, Carolina Segura, Ariella Zabar (Canada)

The Influence of the Impact Factor on Discussions Between Doctors and Their Patients: The Case of Rosiglitazone
Jim Nuovo (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Pharmacology & Pharmacy. 2011;2:168-72.

Publishing Models

Transformation of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology From a Traditional Format to a "New Format"
Thomas Garite (United States)

A New Journal Mode: Public Peer Review, Open Access on Web 2.0
Xibin SHEN (China)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Chinese Journal of Technical Periodicals. 2009,20(1):119-121.

Publication Pathway

What Happens to Rejected Manuscripts?
Kenneth Noller, Sheryl Martin, James Scott (United States)

Submission and Peer Review Frequencies Before Acceptance: An Analysis of Submissions by an Academic Medical Center
Colleen Sauber, LeAnn Stee, Sarah Jenkins, Margery Lovejoy (United States)

Quality of the Literature

Evolution of Thoracic Surgical Literature
Maurice Blitz, Andrew Graham, Sean McFadden, Sean Grondin, Gary Gelfand (United States, Canada)

Pharmacovigilance and "Local" Literature: The Italian Bibliography
Claudio Oliveri, Daniela Ranzani (Italy)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Terapia Evidence Based. 2009; 2 (5), December 2009.

Quality of Online Information

Multilayer Quality Control for Publications and Online Lectures
Faina Linkov, Gilbert Omenn, Ismail Serageldin, Vinton Cerf, Ronald LaPorte (United States, Egypt)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Journal of Cancer Education. December 2010, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 478-483.

Citations to Web Sites in Scientific Papers: The Permanence of Native and Archived References
Andrea Thorp, David Schriger (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Feb;57(2):165-8.

Understanding Why the US National Library of Medicine Fails to Properly Index the Publication Type of a Meaningful Number of Randomized Controlled Trials
Susan Wieland, Kay Dickersin (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMJ. 2012 Jan 3;344:d7501. doi: 10.1136/bmj.d7501.

Quality of Reporting

Quality Review of Clinical Guidelines
Anne Hilde Rosvik, Trond Bjornerud, Espen Movik, Magne Nylenna (Norway)

Development of Clinical Guidelines in Norway: Do Patients Participate?
Anne Hilde Rosvik, Trond Bjornerud, Espen Movik, Magne Nylenna (Norway)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2010 Nov 18;130(22):2236-8. doi: 10.4045/tidsskr.09.1511.

Variability of Standards for Reporting Tumor-Graft Data in Preclinical Cancer Therapeutic Studies
Nilofer Azad, Adam Pascoe, Elizabeth Sugar, Scott Kern (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Cancer Biol Ther. 2012 Nov;13(13):1262-8. doi: 10.4161/cbt.21782.

Challenges in Peer Reviewing Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines: Do We Know the Degree to Which the Guidelines Reflect Underlying Evidence?
Tianjing Li, Roberta Scherer, Elizabeth Ssemanda, Ann-Margret Ervin, Kay Dickersin (United States)
Abstract  |   Articles   published in Ann Intern Med. 2012;156(5):367-77 and Ophthalmology. 2010;117(10):1937-45.

Reporting Guidelines for Surveys: Limited Guidance and Little Adherence
Carol Bennett, Sara Khangura, Jamie Brehaut, Jeremy Grimshaw, David Moher, Beth Potter (Canada)
Abstract  |   Article  published in PLoS Med. 2010 Aug;8(8):e1001069. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001069.

Publication of Methods in Focus Group Research: Are There Quality Standards for Qualitative Research?
Chima Ndumele, Genna Ableman, Beverly Russell, Edith Gurrola, LeRoi Hicks (United States)

Citing the CONSORT Statement and Explanation and Elaboration Paper: What's It All About?
David Moher, Mary Ocampo, Kenneth Schulz, Sally Hopewell, Douglas G. Altman (Canada, United States, United Kingdom)

Inconsistent and Incompletely Reported Outcomes in Randomized Trials of Kidney Transplantation
Angela Webster, Lorenn Ruster, Alistair Merrifield, Gail Higgins, Daniel Owers, Jonathan Craig (Australia)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Am J Transplant. 2013 Nov;13(11):2892-901. doi: 10.1111/ajt.12444.

The SPIRIT Initiative: Defining Standard Protocol Items for Randomized Trials
An-Wen Chan, Jennifer Tetzlaff, Douglas G. Altman, Peter Gøtzsche, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson, Karmela Krleža-Jeric, Andreas Laupacis, David Moher (United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Ann Intern Med. 2013 Feb 5;158(3):200-7. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-158-3-201302050-00583.

Assessment of Randomized Controlled Trials Published in the Chinese Medical Journal From 2007 to 2008
Jing SUN, Kun HAN, Shou-chu QIAN, Su-ning YOU (China)

Application of Item Response Theory to Manuscript Rating Scales
Brian Budgell, Takeo Nakayama (Canada, Japan)

The Null Hypothesis Significance Test in Health Sciences Research (1995-2006): Statistical Analysis and Interpretation
Luis Silva, Patricio Suarez, Ana Fernandez, Vanesa Alvarez, Tania Iglesias (Cuba, Spain)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2010, 10:44.


Why and How Do Journals Retract Articles?
Elizabeth Wager, Peter Williams (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |   Article  published in J Med Ethics. 2011;37:567-570.

Round Up the Usual Suspects? Involvement of Medical Writers and the Pharmaceutical Industry in Retracted Publications
Karen Woolley, Mark Woolley, Rebecca Lew, Narelle Bramich, Julie Ely, Serina Stretton, Julie Monk, Janelle Keys (Australia)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Curr Med Res Opin. 2011 Jun;27(6):1175-82. doi: 10.1185/03007995.2011.573546.


A Survey of Past Participants in the Annals of Emergency Medicine Editorial Board Fellowship Program
Teri Reynolds, Michael Callaham (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Feb;57(2):161-4. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2010.11.028.

Trial Registration

Association of Trial Registration With the Results and Conclusions of Published Trials of New Oncology Drugs
Nicolas Rasmussen, Kirby Lee, Lisa Bero (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Trials. 2009, 10(1):116.

Characterizing Sponsor-Imposed Restrictions on Disclosing Results of Clinical Trials
Tony Tse, Deborah Zarin (United States)