2005 Program

Fifth International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication
September 16-18, 2005
Chicago, Illinois

Final Program

Printable PDF version of program that was available on September 16, 2005

Friday, September 16

8:00 AM - 9:00 AM

Registration, Continental Breakfast, and Exhibits

9:00 AM

Welcome and Introductions
Drummond Rennie (United States)

9:10 AM - 9:40 AM

The Agony and the Ecstasy: The History and Meaning of the Journal Impact Factor
Article  published in JAMA. 2006;295 (1):90-93.
Eugene Garfield (United States)

9:40 AM - 10:20 AM

Authorship and Contributorship
Moderator: Drummond Rennie (United States)

In the Eye of the Beholder: Contribution Disclosure Practices and Inappropriate Authorship
Ana Marušić, Tamara Bates, Ante Anic, Vesna Ilakovac, and Matko Marušić (Croatia)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Curr Med Res Opin. 2006;22(6):1035-1044.

Declaration of Medical Writing Assistance in International Peer-Reviewed Publications and Effect of Pharmaceutical Sponsorship
Karen Woolley, Julie Ely, Mark Woolley, Felicity Lynch, Jane McDonald, Leigh Findlay, and Yoonah Choi (Australia, Japan)
Abstract  |   Article  published in JAMA. 2006;296(8):929-934. doi:10.1001/jama.296.8.932-b.

10:20 AM - 10:50 AM

Refreshment Break and Visit Exhibits

11:00 AM - 12:00 PM

Journal Guidelines and Policies
Moderator: Jane Smith (United Kingdom)

The Statistical and Methodological Content of Journals' Instructions for Authors
Douglas G. Altman and David L. Schriger (United States, United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2006 Dec;48(6):743-749.

Questionnaire Availability From Published Studies in 3 Prominent Medical Journals
Lisa Schilling, Kristy Lundahl, and Robert Dellavalle (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Am J Epidemiol. 2006;164(12):1141-1144.

Conflict of Interest Disclosure Policies and Practices of Peer-Reviewed Biomedical Journals
Richelle J. Cooper, Malkeet Gupta, Michael S. Wilkes, and Jerome R. Hoffman (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Gen Internal Med. 2006;21(12):1248-1252.

12:00 PM - 1:30 PM

Lunch and Visit Exhibits

1:30 PM -2:30 PM

Peer Review Process
Moderator: Michael Callaham (United States)

Editorial Changes to Manuscripts Published in Major Biomedical Journals
Kirby P. Lee, Elizabeth A. Boyd, and Lisa A. Bero (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Med J Aust. 2006;184(12):621-626.

Comparison of Author and Editor Suggested Reviewers in Terms of Review Quality, Timeliness, and Recommendation for Publication
Sara Schroter, Leanne Tite, Andrew Hutchings, and Nick Black (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in JAMA. 2006;295:314-317.

Effect of Authors' Suggestions Concerning Reviewers on Manuscript Acceptance
Lowell A. Goldsmith, Elizabeth Blalock, Heather Bobkova, and Russell P. Hall (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Invest Dermatol. 2006;126(7):1429-1430.

2:30 PM - 3:30 PM

Peer Review Process
Moderator: John Overbeke (the Netherlands)

Assessment of Blind Peer Review on Abstract Acceptance for Scientific Meetings
Joseph S. Ross, Cary P. Gross, Yuling Hong, Augustus O. Grant, Stephen R. Daniels, Vladimir C. Hachinski, Raymond J. Gibbons, Timothy J. Gardner, and Harlan M. Krumholz (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in JAMA. 2006;295:1675-1680.

Peering at Peer Review: Harnessing the Collective Wisdom to Arrive at Funding Decisions about Grant Applications
Nancy E. Mayo, James Brophy, Mark S. Goldberg, Marina B. Klein, Sydney Miller, Robert Platt, and Judith Ritchie (Canada)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2006;59(8):842-848.

A Second Order of Peer Review: Peer Review for Clinical Practitioners
Brian Haynes, Chris Cotoi, Leslie Walters, Jennifer Holland, Nancy Wilczynski, Dawn Jedraszewski, James McKinlay, and Ann McKibbon, for the PLUS Project (Canada)
Abstract  |  Article  published in JAMA. 2006;295:1801-1808.

3:30 PM - 4:00 PM

Refreshment Break and Visit Exhibits

4:00 PM - 5:00 PM

Scientific Misconduct
Moderator: Fiona Godlee (United Kingdom)

Retractions in the Research Literature: Misconduct or Mistakes?
Benjamin G. Druss, Sara Bressi, and Steven C. Marcus (United States)
Abstract  |  Article published in Med J Austr. 2006 Aug 7;185(3):152-154.

Citation of Literature Flawed by Scientific Misconduct
A. Victoria Neale, Justin Northrup, Judith Abrams, and Rhonda Dailey (United States)
Abstract  |  Article published in Sci Eng Ethics. 2007. Mar;13(1):5-24.

For Which Cases of Suspected Misconduct Do Editors Seek Advice? An Observational Study of All Cases Submitted to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)
Sabine Kleinert, Jeremy Theobald, Elizabeth Wager, and Fiona Godlee (United Kingdom)

6:00 PM - 7:30 PM

Welcome Reception

Saturday, September 17

7:30 AM - 8:30 AM

Registration, Continental Breakfast, and Exhibits

8:30 AM - 9:00 AM

Journals—Agents for Change or Merely Mirrors on Society?
Richard Smith (United Kingdom)

9:00 AM - 10:20 AM

Publication Bias and Funding/Sponsorship
Moderator: Catherine D. DeAngelis (United States)

Failures to Publish Pharmaceutical Clinical Trials
William Gardner and Charles W. Lidz (United States)

Are Authors' Financial Ties With Pharmaceutical Companies Associated With Positive Results or Conclusions in Meta-analyses on Antihypertensive Medications?
Veronica Yank, Drummond Rennie, and Lisa A. Bero (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in BMJ. 2007 Dec 8; 335(7631):1202–1205. doi: 10.1136/bmj.39376.447211.BE.

Sponsorship, Bias, and Methodology: Cochrane Reviews Compared With Industry-Sponsored Meta-analyses of the Same Drugs
Anders W. Jørgensen and Peter C. Gøtzsche(Denmark)
Abstract  |  Article published in BMJ. 2006 Oct 14;333(7572):782. Epub 2006 Oct 6

Is Everything in Health Care Cost-effective? Reported Cost-effectiveness Ratios in Published Studies
Chaim M. Bell, David R. Urbach, Joel G. Ray, Ahmed Bayoumi, Allison B. Rosen, Dan Greenberg, and Peter J. Neumann (Canada, United States, Israel)
Abstract  |  Article  published in BMJ. 2006;332(7543):699-703.

10:30 AM - 11:00 AM

Refreshment Break and Visit Exhibits

11:00 AM - 12:00 PM

Publication Bias and Journal Factors
Moderator: Peush Sahni (India)

Characteristics of Accepted and Rejected Manuscripts at Major Biomedical Journals: Predictors of Publication
Kirby P. Lee, Elizabeth A. Boyd, Peter Bacchetti, and Lisa A. Bero (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Med J Aust. 2006;184(12):621-626.

Rethinking Publication Bias: Developing a Schema for Classifying Editorial Discussion
Kay Dickersin and Catherine Mansell (United States)
Abstract  |  Article published in BMC Med Res Methodol. 2007 Sep 25;7(1):44

Is Publication Bias Associated With Journal Impact Factor?
Yuan-I Min, Aynur Unalp-Arida, Roberta Scherer, and Kay Dickersin (United States)

12:00 - 1:30 PM

Lunch and Visit Exhibits

1:30 PM - 2:30 PM

Effect of Indexing, Open Access, and Journal "Phenomena" on Submissions, Citations, and Impact Factors
Moderator: Annette Flanagin (United States)

Impact of SciELO and MEDLINE Indexing on the Submission of Articles to a Non-English-Language Journal
Danilo Blank, Claudia Buchweitz, and Renato S. Procianoy (Brazil)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Pediatr (Rio J). 2005;81(6):431-434.

Effect of Open Access on Citation Rates for a Small Biomedical Journal
Dev Kumar R. Sahu, Nithya J. Gogtay, and Sandeep B. Bavdekar (India)
Abstract  |  Presentation  published in OpenMed@NIC.

More Than a Decade in the Life of the Impact Factor
Mabel Chew, Martin Van Der Weyden, and Elmer V. Villanueva (Australia)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J R Soc Med. 2007;100(3):142-150.

2:30 PM - 3:30 PM

Poster Sessions, Refreshments, and Visit Exhibits (See Poster Session Listing for Details)

3:30 PM - 4:50 PM

Quality and Influence of Citations and Dissemination of Scientific Information to the Public
Moderator: Martin Van der Weyden (Australia)

Use and Persistence of Internet Citations in Scientific Publications:
An Automated 5-Year Case Study of Dermatology Journals
Kathryn R. Johnson, Jonathan D. Wren, Lauren F. Heilig, Eric J. Hester, David M. Crockett, Lisa M. Schilling, Jennifer M. Myers, Shayla Orton Francis and Robert P. Dellavalle (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Arch Dermatol. 2006;142(9):1147-1152.

Are Reviewers Influenced by Citations of Their Own Work? Evidence From the International Journal of Epidemiology
Matthias Egger, Lesley Wood, Erik von Elm, Anthony Wood, Yoav Ben Shlomo, and Margaret May (United Kingdom, Switzerland)

How the News Media Report on Research Presented at Scientific Meetings:
More Caution Needed
Steven Woloshin and Lisa M. Schwartz (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Med J Aust. 2006;184(11);576-580.

Reading Between the Ads: Assessing the Quality of Health Articles in Top Magazines
Brad Hussey, Diane Miller, and Alejandro R. Jadad (Canada)

Sunday, September 18

7:30 AM - 8:30 AM

Registration, Continental Breakfast, and Exhibits

8:30 AM - 9:00 AM

More Peer Review Congresses? Why?
Drummond Rennie (United States)

9:00 AM - 10:00 AM

Reporting of Studies: Abstracts and Publication After Meeting Presentations
Moderator: David Moher (Canada)

Trials Reported in Abstracts: The Need for a Mini-CONSORT
Sally Hopewell and Mike Clarke (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2006;59(7):681-684.

Are Relative Risks and Odds Ratios in Abstracts Believable?
Peter C. Gøtzsche (Denmark)
Abstract  |  Article  published in BMJ. 2006;333(7561):231-234.

Do Clinical Trials Get Published After Presentation at Biomedical Meetings? A Systematic Review of Follow-up Studies
Erik von Elm, and Roberta Scherer (Switzerland, United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Apr 18;(2):MR000005.

10:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Refreshment Break and Visit Exhibits

10:30 AM - 11:50 AM

Improving the Quality of Reporting of Trials and Other Studies
Moderator: Ana Marušić (Croatia)

Design, Analysis, and Presentation of Crossover Trials
Edward J. Mills, An-wen Chan, Ping Wu, Gordon H. Guyatt, and Douglas G. Altman (Canada, United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Contemp Clin Trials. 2007;28(3):268-275.

Quality of Trials in Operative Surgery: Where Is the Comic Opera?
Catherine Jane Walter, Jo Dumville, Catherine Hewitt, David Torgerson, Philip Drew, and John R. T. Monson (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in BMJ. 2006;332(7547):969-971.

Does the CONSORT Checklist Improve the Quality of Reports of Randomized Controlled Trials? A Systematic Review
Amy C. Plint, David Moher, Kenneth Schulz, Douglas G. Altman, and Andra Morrison (Canada, United States, United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Med J Aust. 2006;185(5):263-267.

Does the STARD Statement Improve the Quality of Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies?
Nynke Smidt, Anne W. S. Rutjes, Daniëlle A. W. M. van der Windt, Raymond W. J. G. Ostelo, Johannes B. Reitsma, Patrick M. Bossuyt, Lex M. Bouter, and Henrica C. W. de Vet (the Netherlands)
Abstract  |  Article  published in BMC Med Res Methodol. 2006;6:12.

12:00 PM - 1:30 PM

Lunch and Visit Exhibits

1:30 PM - 2:50 PM

Quality of Reporting of Trials: Protocols, Manuscripts, Published Articles, and Postpublication
Moderator: Kay Dickersin (United States)

Comparison of Submitted and Published Reports of Randomized Trials
Douglas G. Altman, John P. A. Ioannidis, David Moher, Jill Mollison, David L. Schriger, and Sara Schroter (United Kingdom, Greece, Canada, United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2006 Dec;48(6):750-756.

Reporting of Study Outcomes in Comparative Drug Trials: Evidence From Proposals Submitted to a Research Ethics Committee and Corresponding Full Publications
Erik von Elm, Karin Huwiler, Mark Witschi, Alexandra Röllin, Charles Senessie, Nicola Low, and Matthias Egger (Switzerland, United Kingdom)

A Comparison of the Published Version of Randomized Controlled Trials in a Specialist Clinical Journal With the Original Trial Protocols
Lucy Chappell, Zarko Alfirevic, Patrick Chien, Susan Jarvis, and Jim G. Thornton (United Kingdom)

Trial Bank Publishing of Randomized Trials: Preliminary Results
Ida Sim and Ben Olasov (United States)

3:00 PM - 4:00 PM

Poster Sessions and Refreshments (See Poster Session Listing for Details)

4:00 PM - 5:00 PM

Hot Topics: Open Access and Trial Registries
Moderator: Drummond Rennie (United States)

Author's Access to Financial Support at the Time of Paper Acceptance:
A Survey of Biomedical Journals

Sara Schroter, Leanne Tite, and Ahmed Kassem (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J R Soc Med. 2006;99(3):141-148.

Would You Drop Your Membership? Professional Organization Members' Reaction to Open Access
Harold C. Sox and Wayne Bylsma (United States)

Assessing the Quality of Information Recorded on Trial Registries
Munira Nurbhai, Pasquale Lorenzo Moja, Jeremy Grimshaw, Alessandro Liberati, An-Wen Chan, Kay Dickersin, Karmela Krleza-Jeric, David Moher, Ivan Moschetti, Drummond Rennie, Ida Sim, and Jimmy Volmink (Canada, Italy, United States, South Africa)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Trials. 2009;10:56. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-10-56.

5:00 PM

Summary and Adjournment
Drummond Rennie


Saturday, September 17

Authorship and Contributorship

Quantification of Author Contributions and Eligibility for Authorship: A Randomized Trial
Ana Ivaniš, Darko Hren, Aleksandra Mišak, Dario Sambunjak, Matko Marušić, and Ana Marušić (Croatia)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Sep; 23(9):1303–1310. doi: 10.1007/s11606-008-0599-8.

Conflict of Interest

Conflict of Interest Policies at Scientific Journals: A Cross-Disciplinary Comparison
Jessica S. Ancker and Annette Flanagin (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Sci Eng Ethics. 2007;13(2):147-157.

Conflicts of Interest Disclosed by Authors of Manuscripts Submitted to a General Medical Journal
Christine Laine, Mary Beth Schaeffer, and Catharine Stack (United States)

Ethical Concerns

Imaging and Non–imaging Journal Policies Regarding Institutional Review Board Approval and Informed Consent Declarations by Authors
Andrew Y. Choi, Douglas S. Katz, and Anthony V. Proto (United States)

Reporting of Ethical Committee Approval and Patient Consent by Study Design in 5 General Medical Journals
Sara Schroter, Ros Plowman, Andrew Hutchings, and Adrian Gonzalez (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Med Ethics. 2006;32(12):718-723.

Instructions for Authors

The Impact of Editorial Guidelines on the Classification of Race/Ethnicity in the BMJ
George T. H. Ellison, Mikey Rosato, and Simon Outram (United Kingdom)

An Analysis of the Content of Medical Journals' Instructions for Authors
David L. Schriger, Sanjay Arora, Varda A. Schriger, and Douglas G. Altman (United States, United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2006;48(6):743-749.

Detailed Instructions to Authors Are Required in Chinese Medical Journals
Qian Shou-chu (China)

International/Global Concerns

Open Access

The Impact of Author Page Charges on Published Research in Infectious Diseases
Surabhi Liyanage and C. Raina MacIntyre (Australia)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Health Info Libr J. 2006;23(3):214-222.

Peer Review Process

Do You Need to Be an Editor to Accept or Reject Research Papers Sent to the BMJ?
Gary Bryan, John Fletcher, and Rajendra Kale (United Kingdom)

Qualitative Profile of Journal Peer Reviewers and Predictors of Peer Reviewer Quality
Michael Callaham and John Tercier (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in eScholarship. 2007

A Randomized Trial on the Effect of Statistical Reviewing and Checklist on Manuscript Quality
Erik Cobo, Albert Selva, Josep Maria Ribera, Francesc Cardellach, Ruth Dominguez, Agustín Urrutia, Vicens Fonollosa, Mercedes Belmonte, Celestino Rey-Joly, and Miquel Vilardell (Spain)
Abstract  |  Article  published in PloS ONE. 2007;2:e332.

Blinded vs Unblinded Peer Review in a Non-English-Language Journal: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Torben V. Schroeder and Ole H. Nielsen, for the Editorial Team of Ugeskrift for Laeger (Journal of Danish Medical Association) (Denmark)
Abstract  |   Article  published in Dan Med J. 2012 Aug;59(8):A4479.

Consistency Between Reviewers and Editors About Which Papers Should Be Published
James R. Scott, Sheryl Martin, and Leon Burmeister (United States)

Are Reviewers Suggested by Authors as Good as Those Chosen by Editors? Results of a Rater-Blinded Retrospective Study
Elizabeth Wager, Emma C. Parkin, and Pritpal S. Tamber (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in BMC Med. 2006;4:13.

Publication Bias

How Does Prior Publication Affect Full Publication of Completed Clinical Trials?
Yuan-I Min, Aynur Unalp-Arida, Roberta Scherer, and Kay Dickersin (United States)

Quality of Reporting Trials and Other Studies

What's in a NAME: Clinical Trial Acronyms and Research Impact
Matthew B. Stanbrook and Donald A. Redelmeier (Canada)
Abstract  |  Article  published in N Engl J Med. 2006;355(1):101-102.

Quality of Placebo-Controlled Trials of Alternative and Conventional Medicine: Matched-Pair Study
Aijing Shang, Karin Huwiler, Linda Nartey, Peter Jüni, and Matthias Egger (Switzerland, United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2007;60(8):787-794.

Improving the Quality of Reporting for Randomized Clinical Trials Evaluating Herbal Interventions: An Extension of the CONSORT Statement
Joel J. Gagnier, Heather Boon, Paula Rochon, David Moher, Joanne Barnes, and Claire Bombardier, for the CONSORT Group (Canada)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2006;59(11):1134-1149.

An Analysis of the Quality of Reporting of General Surgical Randomized Controlled Trials Published in General Health Care and Surgical Journals
Martin Wiener, Sabapathy Prakash Balasubramanian, Zeiad Kaid, Ravindranath Tiruvoipati, Diana Elbourne, and Malcolm Walter Reed (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article published in Ann Surg. 2006 Nov;244(5):663-667.

Quality of Journal Articles

Titles of Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals Lack Essential Information:
A Structured Review of Contributions to 4 Leading Medical Journals, 1995 and 2001
Paul Z. Siegel, Stephen B. Thacker, Richard A. Goodman, and Cathleen Gillespie (United States)

References and Citations

Editors' Impact on Improving the Accuracy of References: Randomized Comparison of Standard Practice, Brief Reminder, or Educational Intervention
Kristina Fister, Ana Marušić, Andrew Hutchings, Josipa Kern, and Matko Marušić (Croatia)
Abstract  |  Article published in CMAJ. 2007 Jan 2;176(1):41-46.

Web Citations: Going, Going, Still There
Gunther Eysenbach, M. J. Suhonos, and Jean-Sebastian Dumais (Canada)
Abstract  |  Article  published in AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006;2006:919.

Rhetoric and Interpretation

The Rhetoric of Efficacy in Donepezil Trials
John R. Gilstad and Thomas E. Finucane (United States)
Abstract  |   Article  published in J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Aug;56(8):1556-62. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.01844.x.

Do the Conclusions Look as Good as They Seem? A Review of Quality Improvement Intervention Studies
Linda Li, Lorenzo Moja, Alberto Romero, and Jeremy Grimshaw (Canada, Italy, Spain)
Abstract  |   Article  published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2009 Sep;62(9):959-66. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2008.10.008.

Web and e-Publishing

The Effect of Using e-Mail Push Technology on Readership of Articles in a General Medical Journal
George D. Lundberg and Kaytie Brown (United States)

Prepublication Release of Journal Articles: Impact of the Electronic Medium on the Research Message
Matthew B. Stanbrook and Donald A. Redelmeier (Canada)

Sunday, September 18

Authorship and Contributorship

How Intuitive are ICMJE Criteria for Authorship? Perceptions of Deserved Authorship Among Medical Students and Physicians
Darko Hren, Dario Sambunjak, Ana Ivaniš, Matko Marušić, and Ana Marušić (Croatia)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Med Ethics. 2007;33(7):428-432.

Conflict of Interest

Conflict of Interest Management at the International CPR Consensus Conference
John E. Billi, Brian Eigel, David Zideman, and Vinay Nadkarni (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Resuscitation. 2005;67(2):171-173.

Duplicate Publication

The Extent of Duplicate Publications in a Cohort of Meta-analyses
Veronica Yank, Drummond Rennie, and Lisa A. Bero (United States)

Ethical Concerns

Assessment of Equipoise Using a Cohort of Randomized Controlled Trials
Yuan-I Min, Aynur Unalp-Arida, Roberta Scherer, and Kay Dickersin (United States)

Has Reporting on Informed Consent, Ethical Approval, Competing Interest, and Financial Support Been Improved in Randomized Controlled Trial Articles in 3 Chinese Medical Journals?
Qian Shou-chu, Lv Xiao-dong, and Liu Bin (China)

Impact Factor

Text vs Context: The Influence of the Journal on Article Impact
Matthew B. Stanbrook and Donald A. Redelmeier (Canada)

Open Access

Open Access Deposition Policies: What Does It Mean for Medical Journals?
Serena J. Cubie, Gavriel A. Hollander, and Richard A. Watt (United Kingdom)

Open Source Tools for Open Access Publishing
M. J. Suhonos and Gunther Eysenbach (Canada)

Peer Review Process

Screening Parameters for Reviewer Selection
Michael Callaham and John Tercier (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in PLoS Med. 2007;4(4):e166.

Factors Affecting the Time From Manuscript Submission to Manuscript Acceptance
Julie Ely, Mark Woolley, Felicity Lynch, Jane McDonald, Leigh Findlay, Yoonah Choi, and Karen Woolley (Australia, Japan)
Abstract  |  Article published in JAMA. 2006;296(8):929-934. doi:10.1001/jama.296.8.932-b.

Does Consumer Refereeing Improve the Quality of Systematic Reviews of Health Care Interventions? The Perspectives of Editors and Authors
Gill Gyte, Carol Grant-Pearce, Sonja Henderson, Dell Horey, Sandy Oliver, and Carol Sakala (United Kingdom, Australia, United States)

Quality Measurement of Reviewers' Reports by a Simple Instrument
Annemieke P. Landkroon, Hans Veeken, Peter Hart, and A. John P. M. Overbeke (the Netherlands)
Abstract  |  Article  in Obstet Gynecol. 2006;108(4):979-985.

Behaviors of Authors and Peer Reviewers Following Change From Closed to Open System
L. Michael Posey (United States)

Continuing Medical Education Credit as an Incentive for Participation in Peer Review
Mary Beth Schaeffer, Christine Laine, and Catharine Stack (United States)

Why Do Peer Reviewers Decline to Review? A Survey
Leanne Tite and Sara Schroter (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61(1):9-12.

Characteristics of Reviews for a Series of Open Access Medical Journals: Results of a Retrospective Study
Elizabeth Wager, Emma C. Parkin and Pritpal S. Tamber (United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article published in BMC Med. 2006 May 30;4:13.

Publication Bias

Constraints on Academic Freedom in Industry-Initiated Clinical Trials
Peter C. Gøtzsche, Asbørn Hróbjartsson, Helle Krogh Johansen, Mette Haahr, Douglas G. Altman, and An-Wen Chan (Denmark, United Kingdom, Canada)
Abstract  |  Article  published in PLoS Med. 2007;4(1):e19.

Quality of Journal Articles

From Submission to Publication: A Study of the Tables and Figures in a Cohort of RCTs Submitted to the BMJ
David L. Schriger, Reshmi Sinha, Pamela Liu, Douglas G. Altman, and Sara Schroter (United States, United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2006;48(6):750-756.

Quality of Reporting Trials and Other Studies

Reporting Methods of Adverse Events in Randomized Controlled Trials
Curtis Sather and Jim Nuovo (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2007;16(3):349-351.

Grading the Evidence of Published Papers for the Benefit of Clinicians
James R. Scott, Rebecca Rinehart, and Catherine Y. Spong (United States)


Independent Re-analyses of Identical Data Sets: Implications for Peer Review
Penelope J. Greene (United States)

Reliability of 3 Types of Research Methodologies in Obstetrics
Kerry M. McMahon, D. Yvette LaCoursiere, and James R. Scott (United States)

Ratio Measures in Leading Medical Journals: Where Are The Underlying Absolute Risks?
Lisa M. Schwartz, Steven Woloshin, Evan L. Dvorin, and H. Gilbert Welch (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  published in BMJ. 2006;333(7581):1248.

Web and e-Publishing

Inviting Conversation: Engaging Diverse Individuals and Groups in an Interactive Online Forum on Published Research
Laura A. McLellan, Robin S. Gotler, and Kurt C. Stange (United States)
Abstract  |  Article  in Ann Fam Med. 2006;4(3):196-197.

The Use of the World Wide Web by Medical Journals
David L. Schriger, Sripha Ouk, and Douglas G. Altman (United States, United Kingdom)
Abstract  |  Article  published in Pediatrics. 2007;119(1):e53-60.