2005 Program and Abstracts

2005 Program and Abstracts

Fifth International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication
September 16-18, 2005
Chicago, Illinois

Download Printable PDF version of this program and Preliminary Abstracts

Friday, September 16

Welcome and Introductions

Drummond Rennie (United States)

The Agony and the Ecstasy: The History and Meaning of the Journal Impact Factor

Article  published in JAMA. 2006;295 (1):90-93.

Eugene Garfield (United States)

Authorship and Contributorship

Moderator: Drummond Rennie (United States)

In the Eye of the Beholder: Contribution Disclosure Practices and Inappropriate Authorship

Ana Marušić, Tamara Bates, Ante Anic, Vesna Ilakovac, and Matko Marušić (Croatia)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Curr Med Res Opin. 2006;22(6):1035-1044.

Declaration of Medical Writing Assistance in International Peer-Reviewed Publications and Effect of Pharmaceutical Sponsorship

Karen Woolley, Julie Ely, Mark Woolley, Felicity Lynch, Jane McDonald, Leigh Findlay, and Yoonah Choi (Australia, Japan)

Abstract  |  Article  published in JAMA. 2006;296:932-934.

Journal Guidelines and Policies

Moderator: Jane Smith (United Kingdom)

The Statistical and Methodological Content of Journals’ Instructions for Authors

Douglas G. Altman and David L. Schriger (United States, United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2006 Dec;48(6):743-749.

Questionnaire Availability From Published Studies in 3 Prominent Medical Journals

Lisa Schilling, Kristy Lundahl, and Robert Dellavalle (United States)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Am J Epidemiol. 2006;164(12):1141-1144.

Conflict of Interest Disclosure Policies and Practices of Peer-Reviewed Biomedical Journals

Richelle J. Cooper, Malkeet Gupta, Michael S. Wilkes, and Jerome R. Hoffman (United States)

Abstract  |  Article  published in J Gen Internal Med. 2006;21(12):1248-1252.

Peer Review Process

Moderator: Michael Callaham (United States)

Editorial Changes to Manuscripts Published in Major Biomedical Journals

Kirby P. Lee, Elizabeth A. Boyd, and Lisa A. Bero (United States)

Abstract<!–  |  Article–>

Comparison of Author and Editor Suggested Reviewers in Terms of Review Quality, Timeliness, and Recommendation for Publication

Sara Schroter, Leanne Tite, Andrew Hutchings, and Nick Black (United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in JAMA. 2006;295:314-317.

Effect of Authors’ Suggestions Concerning Reviewers on Manuscript Acceptance

Lowell A. Goldsmith, Elizabeth Blalock, Heather Bobkova, and Russell P. Hall (United States)

Abstract  |  Article  published in J Invest Dermatol. 2006;126(7):1429-1430.

Peer Review Process

Moderator: John Overbeke (the Netherlands)

Assessment of Blind Peer Review on Abstract Acceptance for Scientific Meetings

Joseph S. Ross, Cary P. Gross, Yuling Hong, Augustus O. Grant, Stephen R. Daniels, Vladimir C. Hachinski, Raymond J. Gibbons, Timothy J. Gardner, and Harlan M. Krumholz (United States)

Abstract  |  Article  published in JAMA. 2006;295:1675-1680.

Peering at Peer Review: Harnessing the Collective Wisdom to Arrive at Funding Decisions about Grant Applications

Nancy E. Mayo, James Brophy, Mark S. Goldberg, Marina B. Klein, Sydney Miller, Robert Platt, and Judith Ritchie (Canada)

Abstract  |  Article  published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2006;59(8):842-848.

A Second Order of Peer Review: Peer Review for Clinical Practitioners

Brian Haynes, Chris Cotoi, Leslie Walters, Jennifer Holland, Nancy Wilczynski, Dawn Jedraszewski, James McKinlay, and Ann McKibbon, for the PLUS Project (Canada)

Abstract  |  Article  published in JAMA. 2006;295:1801-1808.

Scientific Misconduct

Moderator: Fiona Godlee (United Kingdom)

Retractions in the Research Literature: Misconduct or Mistakes?

Benjamin G. Druss, Sara Bressi, and Steven C. Marcus (United States)

Abstract  |  Article published in Med J Austr. 2006 Aug 7;185(3):152-154.

Citation of Literature Flawed by Scientific Misconduct

A. Victoria Neale, Justin Northrup, Judith Abrams, and Rhonda Dailey (United States)

Abstract  |  Article published in Sci Eng Ethics. 2007. Mar;13(1):5-24.

For Which Cases of Suspected Misconduct Do Editors Seek Advice? An Observational Study of All Cases Submitted to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

Sabine Kleinert, Jeremy Theobald, Elizabeth Wager, and Fiona Godlee (United Kingdom)


Saturday, September 17

Journals—Agents for Change or Merely Mirrors on Society?

Richard Smith (United Kingdom)

Publication Bias and Funding/Sponsorship

Moderator: Catherine D. DeAngelis (United States)

Failures to Publish Pharmaceutical Clinical Trials

William Gardner and Charles W. Lidz (United States)

Are Authors’ Financial Ties With Pharmaceutical Companies Associated With Positive Results or Conclusions in Meta-analyses on Antihypertensive Medications?

Veronica Yank, Drummond Rennie, and Lisa A. Bero (United States)


Sponsorship, Bias, and Methodology: Cochrane Reviews Compared With Industry-Sponsored Meta-analyses of the Same Drugs

Anders W. Jørgensen and Peter C. Gøtzsche(Denmark)

Abstract  |  Article published in BMJ. 2006 Oct 14;333(7572):782. Epub 2006 Oct 6

Is Everything in Health Care Cost-effective? Reported Cost-effectiveness Ratios in Published Studies

Chaim M. Bell, David R. Urbach, Joel G. Ray, Ahmed Bayoumi, Allison B. Rosen, Dan Greenberg, and Peter J. Neumann (Canada, United States, Israel)

Abstract  |  Article  published in BMJ. 2006;332(7543):699-703.

Publication Bias and Journal Factors

Moderator: Peush Sahni (India)

Characteristics of Accepted and Rejected Manuscripts at Major Biomedical Journals: Predictors of Publication

Kirby P. Lee, Elizabeth A. Boyd, Peter Bacchetti, and Lisa A. Bero (United States)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Med J Aust. 2006;184(12):621-626.

Rethinking Publication Bias: Developing a Schema for Classifying Editorial Discussion

Kay Dickersin and Catherine Mansell (United States)

Abstract  |  Article published in BMC Med Res Methodol. 2007 Sep 25;7(1):44

Is Publication Bias Associated With Journal Impact Factor?

Yuan-I Min, Aynur Unalp-Arida, Roberta Scherer, and Kay Dickersin (United States)


Effect of Indexing, Open Access, and Journal “Phenomena” on Submissions, Citations, and Impact Factors

Moderator: Annette Flanagin (United States)

Impact of SciELO and MEDLINE Indexing on the Submission of Articles to a Non-English-Language Journal

Danilo Blank, Claudia Buchweitz, and Renato S. Procianoy (Brazil)

Abstract  |  Article  published in J Pediatr (Rio J). 2005;81(6):431-434.

Effect of Open Access on Citation Rates for a Small Biomedical Journal

Dev Kumar R. Sahu, Nithya J. Gogtay, and Sandeep B. Bavdekar (India)

Abstract  |  Presentation  published in OpenMed@NIC.

More Than a Decade in the Life of the Impact Factor

Mabel Chew, Martin Van Der Weyden, and Elmer V. Villanueva (Australia)

Abstract  |  Article  published in J R Soc Med. 2007;100(3):142-150.

Quality and Influence of Citations and Dissemination of Scientific Information to the Public

Moderator: Martin Van der Weyden (Australia)

Use and Persistence of Internet Citations in Scientific Publications:An Automated 5-Year Case Study of Dermatology Journals

Kathryn R. Johnson, Jonathan D. Wren, Lauren F. Heilig, Eric J. Hester, David M. Crockett, Lisa M. Schilling, Jennifer M. Myers, Shayla Orton Francis and Robert P. Dellavalle (United States)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Arch Dermatol. 2006;142(9):1147-1152.

Are Reviewers Influenced by Citations of Their Own Work? Evidence From the International Journal of Epidemiology

Matthias Egger, Lesley Wood, Erik von Elm, Anthony Wood, Yoav Ben Shlomo, and Margaret May (United Kingdom, Switzerland)


How the News Media Report on Research Presented at Scientific Meetings: More Caution Needed

Steven Woloshin and Lisa M. Schwartz (United States)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Med J Aust. 2006;184(11);576-580.

Reading Between the Ads: Assessing the Quality of Health Articles in Top Magazines

Brad Hussey, Diane Miller, and Alejandro R. Jadad (Canada)


Sunday, September 18

More Peer Review Congresses? Why?

Drummond Rennie (United States)

Reporting of Studies: Abstracts and Publication After Meeting Presentations

Moderator: David Moher (Canada)

Trials Reported in Abstracts: The Need for a Mini-CONSORT

Sally Hopewell and Mike Clarke (United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2006;59(7):681-684.

Are Relative Risks and Odds Ratios in Abstracts Believable?

Peter C. Gøtzsche (Denmark)

Abstract  |  Article  published in BMJ. 2006;333(7561):231-234.

Do Clinical Trials Get Published After Presentation at Biomedical Meetings? A Systematic Review of Follow-up Studies

Erik von Elm, and Roberta Scherer (Switzerland, United States)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Apr 18;(2):MR000005.

Improving the Quality of Reporting of Trials and Other Studies

Moderator: Ana Marušić (Croatia)

Design, Analysis, and Presentation of Crossover Trials

Edward J. Mills, An-wen Chan, Ping Wu, Gordon H. Guyatt, and Douglas G. Altman (Canada, United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Contemp Clin Trials. 2007;28(3):268-275.

Quality of Trials in Operative Surgery: Where Is the Comic Opera?

Catherine Jane Walter, Jo Dumville, Catherine Hewitt, David Torgerson, Philip Drew, and John R. T. Monson (United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in BMJ. 2006;332(7547):969-971.

Does the CONSORT Checklist Improve the Quality of Reports of Randomized Controlled Trials? A Systematic Review

Amy C. Plint, David Moher, Kenneth Schulz, Douglas G. Altman, and Andra Morrison (Canada, United States, United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Med J Aust. 2006;185(5):263-267.

Does the STARD Statement Improve the Quality of Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies?

Nynke Smidt, Anne W. S. Rutjes, Daniëlle A. W. M. van der Windt, Raymond W. J. G. Ostelo, Johannes B. Reitsma, Patrick M. Bossuyt, Lex M. Bouter, and Henrica C. W. de Vet (the Netherlands)

Abstract  |  Article  published in BMC Med Res Methodol. 2006;6:12.

Quality of Reporting of Trials: Protocols, Manuscripts, Published Articles, and Postpublication

Moderator: Kay Dickersin (United States)

Comparison of Submitted and Published Reports of Randomized Trials

Douglas G. Altman, John P. A. Ioannidis, David Moher, Jill Mollison, David L. Schriger, and Sara Schroter (United Kingdom, Greece, Canada, United States)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2006 Dec;48(6):750-756.

Reporting of Study Outcomes in Comparative Drug Trials: Evidence From Proposals Submitted to a Research Ethics Committee and Corresponding Full Publications

Erik von Elm, Karin Huwiler, Mark Witschi, Alexandra Röllin, Charles Senessie, Nicola Low, and Matthias Egger (Switzerland, United Kingdom)


A Comparison of the Published Version of Randomized Controlled Trials in a Specialist Clinical Journal With the Original Trial Protocols

Lucy Chappell, Zarko Alfirevic, Patrick Chien, Susan Jarvis, and Jim G. Thornton (United Kingdom)


Trial Bank Publishing of Randomized Trials: Preliminary Results

Ida Sim and Ben Olasov (United States)


Hot Topics: Open Access and Trial Registries

Moderator: Drummond Rennie (United States)

Author’s Access to Financial Support at the Time of Paper Acceptance: A Survey of Biomedical Journals

Sara Schroter, Leanne Tite, and Ahmed Kassem (United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in J R Soc Med. 2006;99(3):141-148.

Would You Drop Your Membership? Professional Organization Members’ Reaction to Open Access

Harold C. Sox and Wayne Bylsma (United States)


Assessing the Quality of Information Recorded on Trial Registries

Munira Nurbhai, Pasquale Lorenzo Moja, Jeremy Grimshaw, Alessandro Liberati, An-Wen Chan, Kay Dickersin, Karmela Krleza-Jeric, David Moher, Ivan Moschetti, Drummond Rennie, Ida Sim, and Jimmy Volmink (Canada, Italy, United States, South Africa)

Summary and Adjournment

Drummond Rennie


Saturday, September 17

Authorship and Contributorship

Quantification of Author Contributions and Eligibility for Authorship: A Randomized Trial

Ana Ivaniš, Darko Hren, Aleksandra Mišak, Dario Sambunjak, Matko Marušić, and Ana Marušić (Croatia)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Curr Med Res Opin. 2006;22(6):1035-1044.

Conflict of Interest

Conflict of Interest Policies at Scientific Journals: A Cross-Disciplinary Comparison

Jessica S. Ancker and Annette Flanagin (United States)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Sci Eng Ethics. 2007;13(2):147-157.

Conflicts of Interest Disclosed by Authors of Manuscripts Submitted to a General Medical Journal

Christine Laine, Mary Beth Schaeffer, and Catharine Stack (United States)


Ethical Concerns

Imaging and Non–imaging Journal Policies Regarding Institutional Review Board Approval and Informed Consent Declarations by Authors

Andrew Y. Choi, Douglas S. Katz, and Anthony V. Proto (United States)


Reporting of Ethical Committee Approval and Patient Consent by Study Design in 5 General Medical Journals

Sara Schroter, Ros Plowman, Andrew Hutchings, and Adrian Gonzalez (United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in J Med Ethics. 2006;32(12):718-723.

Instructions for Authors

The Impact of Editorial Guidelines on the Classification of Race/Ethnicity in the BMJ

George T. H. Ellison, Mikey Rosato, and Simon Outram (United Kingdom)


An Analysis of the Content of Medical Journals’ Instructions for Authors

David L. Schriger, Sanjay Arora, Varda A. Schriger, and Douglas G. Altman (United States, United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Ann Emerg Med. 2006;48(6):743-749.

Detailed Instructions to Authors Are Required in Chinese Medical Journals

Qian Shou-chu (China)


International/Global Concerns

Open Access

The Impact of Author Page Charges on Published Research in Infectious Diseases

Surabhi Liyanage and C. Raina MacIntyre (Australia)

Abstract  |  Article  published in Health Info Libr J. 2006;23(3):214-222.

Peer Review Process

Do You Need to Be an Editor to Accept or Reject Research Papers Sent to the BMJ?

Gary Bryan, John Fletcher, and Rajendra Kale (United Kingdom)


Qualitative Profile of Journal Peer Reviewers and Predictors of Peer Reviewer Quality

Michael Callaham and John Tercier (United States)

Abstract  |   Article  |   Article   published in eScholarship. 2007

A Randomized Trial on the Effect of Statistical Reviewing and Checklist on Manuscript Quality

Erik Cobo, Albert Selva, Josep Maria Ribera, Francesc Cardellach, Ruth Dominguez, Agustín Urrutia, Vicens Fonollosa, Mercedes Belmonte, Celestino Rey-Joly, and Miquel Vilardell (Spain)

Abstract  |  Article  published in PloS ONE. 2007;2:e332.

Blinded vs Unblinded Peer Review in a Non-English-Language Journal: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Torben V. Schroeder and Ole H. Nielsen, for the Editorial Team of Ugeskrift for Laeger (Journal of Danish Medical Association) (Denmark)

Abstract<!–  |  Article–>

Consistency Between Reviewers and Editors About Which Papers Should Be Published

James R. Scott, Sheryl Martin, and Leon Burmeister (United States)


Are Reviewers Suggested by Authors as Good as Those Chosen by Editors? Results of a Rater-Blinded Retrospective Study

Elizabeth Wager, Emma C. Parkin, and Pritpal S. Tamber (United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in BMC Med. 2006;4:13.

Publication Bias

How Does Prior Publication Affect Full Publication of Completed Clinical Trials?

Yuan-I Min, Aynur Unalp-Arida, Roberta Scherer, and Kay Dickersin (United States)


Quality of Reporting Trials and Other Studies


What’s in a NAME: Clinical Trial Acronyms and Research Impact

Matthew B. Stanbrook and Donald A. Redelmeier (Canada)

Abstract  |  Article  published in N Engl J Med. 2006;355(1):101-102.

Quality of Placebo-Controlled Trials of Alternative and Conventional Medicine: Matched-Pair Study

Aijing Shang, Karin Huwiler, Linda Nartey, Peter Jüni, and Matthias Egger (Switzerland, United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article  published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2007;60(8):787-794.

Improving the Quality of Reporting for Randomized Clinical Trials Evaluating Herbal Interventions: An Extension of the CONSORT Statement

Joel J. Gagnier, Heather Boon, Paula Rochon, David Moher, Joanne Barnes, and Claire Bombardier, for the CONSORT Group (Canada)

Abstract  |  Article  published in J Clin Epidemiol. 2006;59(11):1134-1149.

An Analysis of the Quality of Reporting of General Surgical Randomized Controlled Trials Published in General Health Care and Surgical Journals

Martin Wiener, Sabapathy Prakash Balasubramanian, Zeiad Kaid, Ravindranath Tiruvoipati, Diana Elbourne, and Malcolm Walter Reed (United Kingdom)

Abstract  |  Article published in Ann Surg. 2006 Nov;244(5):663-667.

Quality of Journal Articles

Titles of Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals Lack Essential Information: A Structured Review of Contributions to 4 Leading Medical Journals, 1995 and 2001

Paul Z. Siegel, Stephen B. Thacker, Richard A. Goodman, and Cathleen Gillespie (United States)


References and Citations

Editors’ Impact on Improving the Accuracy of References: Randomized Comparison of Standard Practice, Brief Reminder, or Educational Intervention

Kristina Fister, Ana Marušić, Andrew Hutchings, Josipa Kern, and Matko Marušić (Croatia)



Isabelle Boutron
PRC Speaker

Brian Nosek
PRC Speaker

Paul Glasziou
PRC Speaker

PRC Speaker

Tony Ross-Hellauer
PRC Speaker